Pearl Farming

Pearl Farming differs from Oyster Farming, since in Pearl Farming the oyster that grows the pearl is not harvested for consumption.

It is important to consider the environment in which you plan on starting your pearl farm.

Before starting a Pearl farm, one must consider having enough knowledge regarding Pearl Farming. If you are alien to this practice then you may first visit other pearl farms in the area or research on them yourself. It is essential to note down all the important aspects of your farm such as the area, the type or species of oysters you plan to use, how to raise them and of course the habitat in which you plan to cultivate them in. Also, think about how you plan on harvesting your pearls. The temperature and salinity are important factors to ensure the growth and development of your pearls. There are different methods to consider when growing your pearl farm, therefore adequate training, schooling and knowledge is required to ensure a successful growth. There are several books and tips on the internet that you can use. Knowing people with on hand experience also helps as you may require those with professional know how to get around your neophyte business.

After you have considered these factors you may then set a budget for your farm. Evenly allot all the needs of your farm, it does not have to start with a large amount of oysters. Start with just a few and gradually increase the oyster population as you continue to learn the ropes. By starting with a small amount you will be able to monitor the needs of the oysters closely. You will be able to view how they respond to the environment and temperature settings. After which you can make changes or improvements along the way. Once you have made up your mind on the most effective setting for the growth of your farm, then may you consider expanding.

There is also the question of collecting and harvesting your pearls. Nets, baskets or cages are usually what are used in most pearl farms. The health of your oysters is also a very important factor in the growth of your farm. Certain diseases such as Perkinsus marinus (Dermo) and Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) may infect your oysters. However, the rate of infection varies upon the particular variety of oysters that you decide to grow on your farm. Predators that may endanger your farm include starfish, oyster drill snails, stingrays, birds and gulls so it is important to keep the area of your Pearl Farm secured from these threats.

You may publicize your pearl farm if you please. These make some great tourist attractions in some areas and at times may be part of tours. It is up to you to choose how you wish to market from your business. You may stick to just selling your harvested pearl and even farm the oysters for consumption.

Consulting with professionals or simply researching and studying the practice will help you learn more about what you will need. After which you may allot a budget for your farm. Consider the type or variety of oysters you plan on using, the environment for cultivation which includes the salinity and temperature of the water and how you plan on harvesting your pearls. Promotion of the farm is an added bonus to your revenue since it may serve as a popular tourist attraction.


  • Miss Suvarna Kurdikar said on June 10, 2010
    I would like to start my own business in pearl farming in Mauritius! Your advise will be of great help! Thanks!
  • hitchkiyo farms said on July 10, 2010
    I like to start pearl culture in India. kindly advice me Thanks
  • ketan shah said on July 15, 2010
    I would like to start my own business in pearl farming in india Your advise will be of great help! Thanks! is it possible for india, any consultants for this farming, guide contact on 94262 56647 , 0260 2462674
  • Vikrant Khandekar said on July 22, 2010
    I like to start pearl culture in maharashtra at Nasik or Ratnigari country india kindly advice me Thanks
  • Avani A. Patil said on August 9, 2010
    I would like to start my own business in pearl farming in Kolhapur. Pls advice me regarding this.
  • Arif Dholia said on September 2, 2010
    I would like to start my own business in pearl farming in Bhavnagar / Bharuch Gujarat India Your advise will be of great help! Thanks! any consultants for this farming, guide contact on 0091 9879005100 or e-mail :-
  • RAM said on September 4, 2010
    I am planning to start pearl farming in andhrapradesh near vijayawada. your advise will be very helpful to me. Thanks in advance...
  • rajender said on December 16, 2010
    hi this is rajender i would like to start the pearls farming IN ANDREPRADESH near hyderabad. your advise will be of great help thanks ..and tell me any consultancy in hyderabad for this farming my mail
  • Ashutosh Shah said on December 29, 2010
    hi...i'm in the process of starting a pearl farm in Gujarat. Can anyone please suggest a particular location which would be beneficial? my email id is
  • krishna singh said on January 7, 2011
    I would like to start the pearls farming in Uttarpradesh, in east. your advise will be of great help thanks ..and tell me any consultancy in Lucknow for this farming my mail id
  • biju said on January 10, 2011
    I would like to start a pearl farm in kerala.can u give me some places where i can get the details.
  • sharad shukla said on January 20, 2011
    Please mail me i am interested in doing the business of Pearl Farming Please tell me how to start email is and phone no is 9328701760 Thanks!
  • Roshan Robin said on January 21, 2011
    Sir, I would like to start a pearl culture project in Alleppey, Kerala state. How can i get the details regarding this....
  • B.rajan said on January 27, 2011
    Dear sir, please help me to start pearl farming at sindhu durg maharastra pl let me know pearl farming can be possible in Saline water . regds B. rajan 09820180520 email
  • mahen said on February 24, 2011
    Hi, am from mauritius and want to start of pearl cultivation at home. I would like to have some know how in this domain and also where would i get sample for cultivation. Please help me on this
  • M. Nair said on February 25, 2011
    Hello, I see lot of posts on request for pearl farming. I have years of experience in pearl farming and pearl hatcheries. If you want sincere consultancy or advice on starting pearl farming or pearl hatcheries contact me by email at Thanks
  • Mayank said on March 6, 2011
    Dear sir, please help me to start pearl farming in Bharuch Gujarat.. I have 50 Acre land in Bharuch, Gujarat. plz let me know what are basic land n environment requirements for pearl farming . Regards MAYANK mobile:- 9904390000 email :-
  • sridharan.K said on March 13, 2011
    Dear Sir, I am from southern part of India From Tamil Nadu. I am very curious in doing the Pearl Farming. But before venturing into this business i want to learn the basics and the intricacies involved in this business. Can you please advice how i can proceed, where i can get training and other supports.
  • B C said on March 24, 2011
    pls provide the necessary info like basic , farm or land, climatic conditions etc for pearl culture and oyster farming , in Uttarpradesh of India.
  • Raghunath expert adviser said on March 25, 2011

    @B C,

    • What kind of pearl farm you want to start, like fresh water or salt water.
    • Generally Temperature and water conditions are most important factors for oyster farming. Water temperature should be 20-25 degree celsius. water should be well circulated, peaceful, have no pollution and water depth should be 7-8 ft.
    • The best time for pearl farming is mar to may or sep to oct.

    Raghunath Natarajan
    Startup Biz Hub - Advisor (Staff)

  • Rohit Velury said on May 20, 2011
    I have read a lot about pearl farming. There are few doubts which I would like to clarify firstly as i am setting my business in and around Hyderabad (India), i am starting it up in a small pond to learn first and then get in to the business. What is the ideal temperature and which is preferable a pearl seed or the matured oyster. And there is no water body so i have bore water which is salty so salt water is better i thought. Please advice
  • KyiThar said on June 8, 2011
    Hi there, I am KyiThar from Myanmar. I am writing this on behalf of my uncle, Mr TinMaungThat. He is a pearl technician. He has been in business for over 15 years. He is an old hand in pearl cultivation. Now he is working for a pearl enterprise in Indonesia. he used to work for Myanmar pearl enterprise. He would like to move his life forwards by finding a better employer. Please let me know if you would like to offer a job for him. Currently I am translating his project proposal for pearl farming into English. When I find this web page, I have got this idea to try to find a link for his profession. I am looking forward to your responses. Sincerely, KyiThar
  • farhan khan said on July 14, 2011
    i am farhan would like to start the pearl farming but i dont know about it base. so please give me suggestion for its farming. City - Faizabad, State- Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Manoj Kumar said on July 14, 2011
    Sir i would like to start a pearl framing in Himachal Pardsh. so pls advise me regarding pearl farming.
  • damanbajwa said on July 21, 2011
    my dad want to start pearl farming in Punjab,will U Please advise related to pearl farming?
  • Gurvinder Chawla said on July 23, 2011
    Sir, I would like to start pearl farming in Punjab. kindly advise me regarding pearl farming. waiting for your reply. thanx
  • balbir singh said on August 2, 2011
    hello sir, I live at agra in uttar pradesh, india. I have to know about farming of pearls in my own place, please send correct information at my mail I'd . Thanks
  • Frederic Augugliaro said on August 17, 2011
    Hi There, I would like to start a pearl farming in the Philippines, can somebody advise about how to start and budget to consider? Thanks Fred
  • Mario Monteforte beginner adviser said on August 18, 2011
    I have 25 years of experience in research and technology development in pearl oyster culture and pearl production at La Paz, South Baja California México. Been in French Polinesia, India, Japan and China, and I am active in the profession. I can offer technical validation and training in farming management, implanting and surgery through a joint project. Will be glad to help in your endeavor.
  • Ashok Verma said on August 25, 2011
    Hi, Freshwater pearl culture aspirants, since 2006 onwards, we tried to explore the pearl culture potential in Himachal Pradesh at Una district. I took few progressive fish farmers and started developing technology on different kinds of pearls. after four years tireless work we could develop technology on pearl farming 2-3 types i.e Design pearls half round pearls and round pearls, boroque types pearls are yet to be produced and work is going on. we have achieved success in breeding of fresh water mussels in captivity at Santokhgarh Una. so abundant stock for pearl culture is available in Una. for more details contact us: Ashok Verma Asstt: Director Fisheries, Department of fisheries, Himachal Pradesh(India)
  • Major Kunwar Suresh Rana said on September 13, 2011
    i would like to know how to get/cost of the ten days training at bhubneshwar (Orissa)can the fisheries dept sponsor farmers. i m from una district Jowar (AMB) and would like to start this farming at my place. thanks, Major Rana, 09810128361
  • baku shah said on September 14, 2011
    i want to start fresh water /sea water pearl farming in kenya. i would like mr ashok verma can guide us on this project. mr kyithar can ask his uncle mr tinmaung if he want to come to kenya. my mobile no is 254737512145. any party interested to join us in this project who know about pearl farming get in touch
  • GEORGE MATHEW said on November 5, 2011
    Dear sir, I would like to learn pearl farming deeply correctly. Can you help me in this matter? GEORGE MATHEW. KURUVANPLACKAL, KODANCHERRY,(Exact location, 45 kms. from kozhikode, KOZHIKODE DT. KERALA. SOUTH INDIA. Ph. 09496400189
  • kamlesh patel said on December 9, 2011
    i'm kamlesh patel /north gujarat /i'm farmar and want to pearl farming. give me information about minimum land, water and money in thousands or lacs.
  • Sandeep Chaudhari said on January 16, 2012
    Dear Sir, I am from Nashik Maharashtra please suggest me where i get the exact training of Pearl Farming.
  • arjun said on February 5, 2012
    i want detail about start pearl farming in karnataka any training centres is there please send me details.
  • anil. sharma said on February 29, 2012
  • ismail mohaideen said on March 3, 2012
    i want to start pearl farming business in tenkasi, tamilnadu. please send me detailed information to
  • Mario Monteforte said on April 14, 2012
    Training in pearl oyster culture and grafting. Also in abalone (mabe AND round pearl). Check my publications in World Aquaculture Magazine and Panorama Acuicola on abalone pearl culture. email: Cheers.
  • ashasharma said on April 29, 2012
    is it possible to do pearl farming of any species of mussels in north Indian region like Haryana,Punjab and U.P.
  • Nina said on May 7, 2012
    I want to establish a farm at kerala. Please guide me to do so. I require the detail of the process to be followed for establishing it.
  • henalpatel said on May 14, 2012
    when will be start fresh water pearl culture information
  • sharang Dhar Sharma said on June 2, 2012
    Hi I am Sharang From Naland Bihar ( India) I am interested to do pearl Cultivation at Bihar Nalanda. Is there some one who can guide me about the pearl cultivation at Bihar .
    1. How much land required
    2. how much will be the investment .
    3. what are the infrastructure required for this .
    Regards, Sharang 8826321100/ 9560453104
  • padmapriyadarshini.g. said on June 3, 2012
    hi i'm from tumkur, karnataka, interesting to know the process of pearl farming...if medium farmers also do this or only large farmers can? becoz it seems lot of expenditure i thought...plz provide details of that....kindly with oblige. email address: ring me on: 8904147146..
  • DHARMESH PATEL said on June 22, 2012
    i would learn fresh water pearl culture. from where did i get training information.
  • ashok manwani said on July 6, 2012
    Fresh water Pearl culture Free training on date 12 Aug 2012. Cont 09271282561. e mail
  • Dinesh sonawane said on August 21, 2012
    hello i m from nashik ,maharashtra ,India. my name is dinesh sonawane i want to start pearl culture or farming in nashik please guide me start pearl culture for fresh water and also tell me related schemes of government . please tell me training schools and related course . thank you best wishes
  • prajapati tushar s. said on August 25, 2012
    I want to do pearl farming . So i want to know from where i will get training about it. i am looking for training center in gujarat. So please guide me. Thank you! Mo:9924818399, vadali, sabarkantha, gujarat, India
  • vinod khune said on September 2, 2012
    respected sir i am a native from a small town in gadchiroli district from maharashtra state; i'm humbly interested in pearl farming; i would like to make my career in pearl farming and want to give a different views to my local youths so i kindly request to please guide me for creating pearl farming yours vinod khune.
  • diamantis said on September 12, 2012
    i am from greece , want to take education on pearl farming , where i can take this education , thank you waiting a response
  • Ravindra said on September 18, 2012
    I would like to start pearl farming in INDIA. Kindly guide me. Mob No: 8149756976.
  • Agus said on October 4, 2012
    I am not going to pearl farming, but i am looking for MOP shell, grade A.
  • Anand said on November 1, 2012
    I would like to start pearl farming in sea shore of Tamilnadu. I need technical know hows, visit to Pearl farm and training. Kindly advice.
  • Digvijay panchal said on December 5, 2012
    would like to start my own business in pearl farming in banswara rajasthan india Your advise will be of great help! Thanks! is it possible for india, any consultants for this farming, guide contact on 9928080483
  • shihabudheen said on January 7, 2013
    i would like to start pearl farming in calicut, i have 50 cent. pls advice to help my mailid:
  • naglaa said on January 8, 2013
    i'm so interested in this field i will come to india on april so could you advice me where can i take course for cultured pearls
  • willson said on February 1, 2013
    I want establish pearl farming as business in delhi in india. Could you tell me? what would be the cost of establishment and risk of this business. Currently I don't have any exp. about this. Please provide me all kinds of details to start as a business.
  • Prateek Chaudhary said on March 2, 2013
    Sir, I want to start pearl business. Kindly provide information on my mail id. I shall be very thankful to you. Prateek, Jind, Haryana
  • makarand said on March 6, 2013
    Hello I am interested in Pearl Cultivation in pune maharashtra state, I am a new into this market. I would like to know some details of the same:-
    1. What is the minimal requirement (Land, Type of water) and investment for starting a pearl cultivation project.
    2. How do I start with it in pune, Maharashtra, India.
    3. If I go along with this project where can I sell them and how?
    4. How do I standardize it? How can I export it to the clients?
    5. Can I create a artificial tank for the same
    Can you please provide me with the above mentioned information. Thanks
  • divyarajsinh said on March 6, 2013
    I am divyarjsinh vala from jasdan, gujarat, india i want to install pearl farming projects so please give me appropriate information
  • Anil said on March 20, 2013
    Hi, I am interested in this. I would like to know more about this, please share some contacts in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh or in Andhra Pradesh who are doing this farming. Regards, Anil.
  • sharan D.S said on March 24, 2013
    hi i am interested in pearl farming. i would like to know more about this, and what is the area and investment required to cultivate this.
  • Naveen Pandey said on May 19, 2013
    Dear sir I want to set-up pearl culture with fisheries in my pond kindly guide me properly to set up where can I have training for the above. Thanks Naveen Pandey, Bihar (west champaran) 09934692495
  • Harmohinder Singh said on May 23, 2013
    Dear Sir, I would like to start pearl farming in PUNJAB. Is it possible to start pearl farming here, and what are the requirements of pearl farming
  • Ravindranath.K. said on June 25, 2013
    Dear sir , I would like to start pearl culture in mysore. Kindly provide me the contact no. of people practicing the same in Karnataka .
  • Sanjay Pradhan said on July 24, 2013
    Hi, I want to start my business at Rajnagar area, in the district of Kendrapada of Odisha state. Please guide me. Thanks. Sanjay
  • vinay sagar said on August 5, 2013
    hyderabad, andhra pradesh, india. can i go for a venture capitalist for fund to start-up my freshwater cultured pearl venture in india.
  • vinod kothiwale said on August 9, 2013
    vinod kothiwale from Nipani dist Belgaum want to establish joint venture in pearl farming I have land water electricity technically sound experienced, can contact me my cell 9342166174
  • Thabit Molly said on September 20, 2013
    Am from Dar es salaam Tanzania, i want to start Pearl farming in Tanzania please kindly assist on knowledge how to do it.
  • priadi said on October 8, 2013
    Hi, I am looking for a joint venture or technician/consultant to start fresh water pearl farming in Sumatra, Indonesia. Please contact me at Thanks
  • Avinash Apte said on November 15, 2013
    I am interested in starting a pearl farming venture in sindhudurg dist. in maharashtra, india. Can you help me?
  • Anwer Zaib said on November 18, 2013
    Dear Sir / Madam, I am interested in pearl farming in Pakistan. my contact :
  • MAHESH B R said on November 18, 2013
    Dear Sir I have interested in start up new pearl farm in tumkur karnataka please suggest me and give direction to open the farm
  • Amit karekar said on November 21, 2013
    Dear sir I am interest to start pearl farming in kokan (sindhudurga) Maharashtra pls I want help to start pearl farm & I want training
  • Tevita Taumaipeau said on November 23, 2013
    i am interested in setting up a small-medium size black pearl farm in Fiji. Please advice.
  • Hitesh k rohit said on January 7, 2014
    I want to know and start business of pearl harvesting in vadodara, Gujarat, So give me proper guidelines
  • Yogesh said on January 18, 2014
    i want to know about pearl agriculture in vidarbha so give me proper information and guidelines please
  • Alikunju v bava said on February 1, 2014
    I am interested to start a pearl farm in India, kerala, cochin. Please advice me.
  • mayur tandel said on March 9, 2014
    Dear Sir, I would like to start pearl farming in .valsad in gujarat. Is it possible to start pearl farming here, and what are the requirements of pearl farming. is it possible to doing this in fresh water
  • Daniel said on April 1, 2014
    Dear adviser, Need your suggestions to start a pearl farming , fresh water pearls, i have 3 acres land . good water, please suggest. Budget, process. regards, Sairam
  • ashok manwani said on April 6, 2014
    PLEASE CONT FOR FRESH WATER PEARL CULTURE and phone no. 09271282561.
  • Ritish Rits said on April 17, 2014
    dear sir, i want to open a pearl oyster business in mauritius . could u help me out constructing a business plan ?
  • Pradeep Sriram said on April 20, 2014
    Hi, Need a training on fresh water pearl culture. Could you please help me with contact details for the same. Best Regards, Pradeep Sriram
  • rahul thakare said on May 27, 2014
    Sir tell me about institute an guide i desperately want to start this business
  • ravindraa d . said on June 12, 2014
    Dear sir, I am interested in Pearl Cultivation near pune maharashtra state, I would like to know some details of the same:-
    1. What is the requirement (Land, Type of water) and investment for starting a pearl cultivation project.near pune.
  • yegnaraman said on June 28, 2014
    sir i am from tamilnadu 100 kms from chennai and i wish to start fresh water pearl farming i want to know full details and also what will be initial infra investment to start in small level
  • Virendersain Bajwan said on July 4, 2014
    R/Sir / Madam, I am (Virendersain Bajwan) from Morni Hills, Distt.-Panchkula (Haryana) and have approx. 2.5 hactare land & a fresh water pond in district Sirmour (HP). I wish to start a fresh water training & job oriented Pearl farming Institution/academy in hilly areas. Please give me proper information & guidelines in this field. Thanking you, Yours sincerely, Virender. 04.07.2014
  • sunil singh said on July 10, 2014
    sir, could you please advise me to start pearl farming in jammu(J&K)area
  • prashant varma said on July 19, 2014
    I just want to start my pearl farming in uttar pradesh is it ok place for farming and also help me how I can start this business is for this farming any course required.
  • prashant varma said on July 19, 2014
    I want to start my pearl farming in up for this any specific course required.?
  • Dr. Ramkishor said on August 15, 2014
    I want unio for pearl culture i have complete pearl culture training from c i f a orissa
  • Madame Bonnet said on September 11, 2014
    We own large parcels of lagoon front land on all 8 of the islands that have naturally occurring oyster in Tuamotu Archipelago French Polynesia. My husband has all cultivation licenses we are just looking for good Chinese grafters. We are interested in any investors interested in helping to grow the business to a very large scale operation. Two of the eight islands belong completely to us, two we own 60-80% with only family on the remainder, and one we share 1/6 interests with family but have a100 year lease for the remainder 5/6. On the remaining 4 Tuamotu pearl islands we own 3-500 acre lagoon front parcels. Please Contact Madame Bonnet at (858) 336 2703 USA or email me at
  • muhammed rashid said on October 4, 2014
    i am interested for pearl farming. please advice me. 8714160445
  • gopakumar said on October 10, 2014
    sir, i am from kerala & i wish to start a fresh water pearl farm in our area, please give your valuable advise & details for about it
  • sweenie said on October 15, 2014
    Dear sir, I am student in ocean university of Sri Lanka. I hope to do a research about an pear oysters. so that i want to culture pearl oyster and i want to get at least one pearl from an oyster as a testing.please be kindly enough me to send your valuable advise to do this experiment. And then i have an idea to do a farm also. There fore actually i am glad to contact with you continuously.Thank you
  • manju said on October 20, 2014
    please give advice pearl farming your brother manju in karnataka
  • garima nanduri said on October 25, 2014
    Please advise us on costing on fresh water pearl farming. which are govt schemes helping farming. Where can i get training in & around delhi. Can farming be done in water tank?
  • praddep bangalore said on October 27, 2014
    hello sir , I would like to start pearl farming .. can u please address me to get details
  • pradeep bangalore said on October 27, 2014
    hello sir , I would like to start pearl farming . can you please address me to get details and if anybody already in this business around Bangalore please share your contact no to me 9900934355
  • Narender singh said on November 23, 2014
    hello sir , I would like to start pearl farming . can you please address me to get details and if anybody already in this business around Himachal Pardesh, Haryana, Punjab. share & can u please address me to get details your contact no to me:- Narender Singh S/o Lat. Shri. Gurdev Singh, Vill. & P.O. Moginand, (Near Govt. Sen. Sec. School) Teh. Nahan Distt. Sirmour, Himachal Pardesh 173030, Mob. No. 09736647559 ( all detail and Litterateur in Hindi Language)


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