Growing Avocado Trees
If you plan on growing your very own avocado tree, or want to start your own avocado farming business, there are certain factors you must consider. First of which is the variety of avocado you want to plant.
Naturally avocado trees have several different varieties that vary in their needs. With this decision in mind everything else will fall into place, starting with the location.
Identify where you plan on planting your avocado tree, or where you want to grow your avocado plantation. Different areas have different climates, soils, weather, temperature and the like. Therefore it is best to choose a variety that will flourish in that type of environment. Take a trip down to your local nursery and ask about the different varieties of avocado that are available in that area. Examples of the different varieties of avocado trees include: Cardinal, Calma, Uno, 240, 227, Parker, RCF Purple and Cepillo Green.
After you have decided on the avocado variety, you may now produce your planting materials. Planting materials are either seedlings or grafted plants. Usually the preferred method is grafting. It is easier, more efficient and practical. There are different methods of propagation such as inarching and shield budding. Both of which require more skill and understanding though they may be considered once you get used to growing your avocado business.
Once you have planted and set up your avocado plantation it is important to manage and care for the plants through pruning. Through this you will be able to train the avocado tree to a desirable shape, in which it will grow into and develop as it matures. To ensure also the healthy growth of your plants, you should apply fertilizer. Soil conditions may not always bear the essential nutrients that your plants need for bearing fruit and overall health. Fertilizer is usually applied in a ring around the tree or buried into holes around the tree.
To ensure that your tree gets maximum benefit from the soil, fertilizer and overall care and nurturing you provide it, you must remove any sign of weeding. Also keep your avocado tree well irrigated. Water it regularly and take note of the climate since it may require more nourishment on some days more than others. Protect and treat immediately any signs of pests or diseases that may infect your tree.
Harvesting and marketing are what comes next. Harvesting avocadoes is not a one day task as to compare to other plantations. This is because not all avocadoes on the same tree mature at the same time as the rest. This means you will have to visit the tree from time to time to check on all your fruits and decipher whether or not they are now ready for harvest. Upon harvest of your avocadoes, you will need to market your product. You may either sell them yourself at a farmers market or establish a contract with a business like a grocery store that will purchase all your harvests.
All other factors such as the climate, irrigation, temperature and like will depend on the variety. It is up to you to enhance these growth factors and build them in such a way as to better and promote the overall health and growth of your avocado trees.
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