How to Grow Capsicum
Capsicum grows well in warm temperatures in direct soil but may also be grown indoors as seedlings. They require good watering and frequent fertilizing to ensure healthy produce.
These are just few of the things that you need to learn when growing capsicum.
Capsicum is usually associated with the sweet pepper but may also be used to describe hot peppers as well. They grow slowly and sometimes take more than five months until you can harvest them. They require high temperature and are very sensitive to salt. They are initially grown in seed tray and are planted out in a month or so. The ideal soil temperature is between 18 degrees and 35 degrees C. It is usually harvested in 10-12 weeks and may be cut from the plant with a sharp knife.
The growth of your capsicum depends on the climate of the area you plan on planting it in. In warm climates you may plant capsicum in the soil direct, in cold climates you may want to keep your seeds indoors and transfer them to larger pots once they grow bigger. When they are big enough to plant into the ground, do so when it is warm enough and be able to keep the plants at least eighteen inches from each other. Water regularly and it will also be a good idea to keep them well fertilized. Make sure however not to water them too much since they must be dry for a while between your watering. Prune them to concentrate the nutrients on particular branches, and to ensure a healthy and good harvest.
Add fertilizer at least once a month when you see that the fruit is starting to form. You may start harvesting your crops once the peppers are at least 3 inches in diameter. Continuous harvest will make the plant create more produce.
The peppers are initially green, as they mature they turn yellow, then red and finally orange. Harvest according to what type of peppers you need or prefer.
There comes a time thought that the capsicums become less productive over the years, therefore you may have to replant with new seedlings. They are also perennial plants, meaning that during the winter season they go dormant and they resume their growth and development in the spring. They have similar requirements to tomatoes however do not require as much phosphorus as they prefer calcium.
The plant is best positioned in clear view of the sun or at slight shade. They may be grown inside as seedlings, in pots or outside in direct soil. They are heat tolerant yet not frost tolerant. When harvesting one may twist the fruit off the branch however since they are very sensitive and brittle, it may be best to cut off the fruit with a sharp knife or scissors. They bear many fruit yet not all may be of ideal health, so it is best to prune some flowers or fruits to keep the nutrients flowing to particular produce only. Aphids, other pests and common bacteria should be taken care of immediately upon identification.
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