Starting a Cocoa Farm
The crop cocoa is produced in tropical areas that have been far and wide acknowledged as the beverage pick even prior to the discovery of coffee and tea. Cocoa being an essential requisite in the confectionery trade is a good item to grow business with.
These are some of the easy-to-follow steps to start on with your cocoa farm industry.
The commercial agriculture of cocoa is a trade that is now being widely considered due to the magnitude of this crop’s produce to the confectionery industry as well as to other food areas. Globally, it is an item that is largely consumed. This is the prime reason that the business for cocoa farming is being boosted up.
Starting a Cocoa Farm
In starting a cocoa plantation, an assortment of factors have to be considered such as the climate of the locality, average rainfall per millimeter, temperature, humidity, and type of soil, and the proper selection of planting material. Potting mixture and type of sowing have to be well-thought-out as well. Plus the propagation and the cocoa plant’s aftercare.
Rainfall could actually be supplemented with modern irrigation in cases of parched months. However, it is of vital necessity that rain must be present at one thousand two hundred and fifty to three thousand millimeters per annum. The dried-up period must not be further than three months. The favorable temperature could vary between thirty to thirty-two degrees Celsius. Humidity has to be taken into consideration too due to the fact that over humidified areas may help the spread of fungal diseases that may alter the growth of the cocoa crop and the storage and drying of it could be at risk also. Cocoa trees are further susceptible than other tropical crops to moisture stress. A variety of soil types could be favorable to the cocoa plant. The soil ought to be such as allowing uncomplicated access of roots able of retaining dampness during summers. Clay loams and sandy loams are also appropriate.
In the assortment of the proper planting material, cocoa can be propagated all the way through seeds or by vegetative manner. Meant for raising seedlings, seeds of grown-up pods are taken from lofty yielding mother plants which should generate one hundred pods per year. Subsequent to seven days of harvest, naturally, the seeds lose their viability. Proper storage is the key to avoid this from happening. The potting mixture and type of sowing must consist of farmyard manure, sand, and soil in identical magnitude to propagate the cocoa seedlings. Remember that the best time to sow seeds in the nursery is during the month of December to January. On the other hand, vegetative breeding is a hefty scale of production of superior planting material in the course of budding and grafting.
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