Cucumber Farming

If you want to start your own cucumber farm, you will need to find out the growth requirements of the plants. The vines love rich soil and prior to sowing, you must apply organic matter.

The vines should be watered once a week and you should have well drained soil.

Have you ever considered growing cucumber? These luscious greens can make salads tasty and attractive. If you had success in growing these plants in the past, you might want to start your very own cucumber farm. There is no such thing as miracle solution to grow these plants but if you know the requirements, you can ensure great harvests. The good news is that these vines are easy to cultivate. Being in the family of cucurbitaceous, it likes well drained soil like the squashes and melons. You can eat this fresh or you can also make pickles.

Growing Cucumber

The cucumbers that can be eaten fresh are called the slicing varieties but if you want to make pickles, you will need to grow the pickling variety. If you have a large farm, you can grow both. People love cucumbers because it is good or the nails, hair, and skin. You will need to pick a great location for the farm. It would be ideal if the farm gets a lot of sunshine and warmth and if possible, having a greenhouse is ideal. You can put off the greenhouse if you’re just starting out and have limited capital.

To prepare the soil, you will need organic compost. Put it on the soil and use a spade to cultivate the soil. As mentioned earlier, the soil should be well drained. You have to make beds that are raised around six inches. The cucumbers will thrive in rich soil. You will need seedling pots during sowing season. Make sure that each seedling is spaced 40cm. Each hole should have at least three seeds, and should be 2.5cm in depth. You can also sow the seeds in rows with 90cm spacing. With enough ground space, the vines can crawl on the ground but you can also use a trellis or stakes.

Make sure that you remove the weeds carefully so you won’t damage the roots of the cucumber. Every week, you will need to water the plants to make them firm and juicy. The fruits usually contain a lot of water. Learn to distinguish the male and female flowers. You can increase the chances of bearing fruit by helping with pollination. Use a cotton bud to transfer the pollens from the male flowers to the female. As you can see, this will require patience and time. If your farm is a bit large, you will need to hire extra help. Once the flowers appear, you can now do your job and help with the pollination process.


  • datta babar said on February 17, 2011
    please provide suitable information for growing cucumber.
  • Evelyn Onyango said on May 20, 2011
    Am a farmer in Kenya, Kisumu District. I would like to farm cucumber in a green house and need more information about how to grow cucumber, the diseases that affect them, how long it takes to grow and any necessary information that can aid me.
  • Najam Rana said on July 31, 2011
    I wanna start cucumber farming in pakistan's teh.Daska Distt Sialkot.
  • Eldon David said on December 19, 2011
    Vega de Oropouche, Trinidad, West Indies. I am a new farmer and my Vlas Pick cucumbers are off to a good start. I would like to maximize my production. Any tips on planting in my region would be greatly appreciated.
  • GURMEET SINGH said on January 9, 2012
    i am starting to grow cucumber . pl guide me how much water they need in green house . my location toowoomba , queensland , australia 4350 , thanks
  • anesu marume said on February 16, 2012
    Harare, Zimbabwe. I would like to start cucumber and potato farming in Zimbabwe on a 5 hector plot. May you please send me the requirements that is how much seed, fertilizer type per hector, chemicals to control pets/hector and output per hector for the two crops
  • peter said on February 27, 2012
    i would like to start growing cucumbers in rotation with tomatoes at kenya kitengela in a green house i would like to know about the diseases ,pests and common errors to avoid for the best production results
  • Rebecca said on August 20, 2012
    Eldoret, Kenya. I would like to do a study on organic fertilizer using cucumber plant. Please send me the requirements of the crop especially the macro, micro nutrients and fertilizer application.
  • Abel Mazundu said on August 21, 2012
    i would like to start cucumber farming enterprise under greenhouse technology in Zimbabwe. kindly assist with information about growing cucumber, diseases, pest and common errors to avoid. i also want to know what fertilizers and their quantities per hectare. the type of seeds suitable for greenhouse. and the yield per hactare. thank you
  • James Karuga said on October 10, 2012
    Do have Kisumu seed variety of cucumber I need the seed badly as it very rare in Kenya and market is there?
  • Clive said on February 14, 2013
    I wanna start cucumber farming in Malaysia. Please provide me the full information regarding the cucumber fungus, bacteria and also the pest protection.
  • Ayorinde Luqman Adeshina said on February 23, 2013
    I just start cucumber farming. how profit it the growing cucumber, i want to know
  • michelle said on March 4, 2013
    I am in Harare, Zimbabwe I would like to start cucumber farming in Zimbabwe on a small scale to begin with. Please may you send me the requirements on how much seed, fertilizer type per acre, chemicals to control pets/acre and output per acre for the crop.
  • joel mwaghogho said on March 16, 2013
    Hallo i'm joel from wongonyi in voi i am planning to start cucumber farming please guide me on how to go about
  • serah mugo said on March 20, 2013
    pls advice on cucumber seeds, farming, duration, market etc. am in Kiambu town
  • tellmore t mzeza said on April 1, 2013
    i'm a young small scale farmer in mashonaland east province, Mvurwi town and want to start cucumber production on 1 ha land. please help me with fertilizer requirements, chemicals for diseases and pests and expected yield. Regards
  • c.hariharan,haritha organic farms said on April 16, 2013
    i am a farmer in kerala ,india .three years experience in green house farming in tropical conditions the temp: 33to36 degree humidity 60to 85% .the new ideas in cucumber cultivation details please share .my green house 2000 sqmt cucumber parthinocarpic varity ,yield 20 tons.soil cultivation. thanking you. c.hariharan
  • Olive Mawindo said on May 3, 2013
    please provide information on cucumbers, I am interested
  • Godwin said on May 28, 2013
    I'm young farmer from Nigeria (Edostate) who would like to start both cucumbers & watermelon farming i want to know if such is possible?
  • Bakhokheli Dladla said on June 25, 2013
    i would like to venture into greenhouse farming in Bulawayo Zimbabwe. i want to start with a 1000sq metres. Please provide information on quantity of material required to construct a greenhouse and a structure plan.
  • James kinyanjui said on July 12, 2013
    How do you market cucumber, Murang'a. Kenya
  • Julianus Mkwavi said on August 30, 2013
    I am a farmer from coast area in Tanzania ,pls adive,how to grow cucumber so ,i can get or reach a maximum yield .
  • isaac said on September 9, 2013
    Please assist with full cucumber farming notes
  • Maxwell Chiparaushe said on December 1, 2013
    I would want to grow cucumbers on 1/2 acre in Marondera, Zimbabwe. Kindly assist on how much seed, fertilizers, chemicals I would need and the best timing. Thanx in advance.
  • Mansoor Ahmad Khan said on March 13, 2014
    My agriculture farm in village Said Nagar near Alipur Chattha Punjab Pakistan. I have experienced grow cucumber in 4 Acre in Green house walking Tunnel. I feel that big responsibility and tough job compare other vegetable crops. Cucumber crop demand more care. Visit farm everyday to saw plant condition. So that can be a more profitable.
  • wildcat said on March 17, 2014
    i have a farm in chinhoyi mashonaland west in Zimbabwe. i am looking for all the requirements for growing cucumbers on 1H
  • Mandla said on March 27, 2014
    Want to grow cucumbers in Marondera, Zimbabwe. Need more information about the crop.
  • Charles Ngaywa said on April 21, 2014
    My location is in Kenya ,Vihiga county.Want to know best seed for soils in western Kenya ,what fertilizers to use,disease that is prone to them ,how to treat them just full information on cucumber farming.
  • Josephine said on September 23, 2014
    please help me, my cucumber plant started dying off when i applied organic compost manure after one month. what do i do to save the plant. thanks for your help so far!
  • Henry said on October 29, 2014
    pls send me everything about cucumber farming
  • vineet said on February 14, 2015
    my location is in Dehradun Uttarakhand ,Ready to start to growing cucumber at my land .Please provide how much production can be made on average area of land and what kind of cucumber (scientific name). seeds will be good according my area and where will be easily available .Please reply on my email address
  • Kayaga said on February 27, 2015
    I am writing from Tanzania my name is Kayaga, I would like to know more on the production of cucumber as i am on my way to start this farming business.
  • wycliffe said on March 20, 2015
    am inquiring about cucumber growing information from planting, agronomic practices till harvesting pls. kenya.
  • Taipi lieutenant said on April 1, 2015
    I am a young man full of passion in agribusiness. i once grew indigenous variety of cucumber at my farm in Lilongwe Malawi. They did very well but most of the fruits had holes that turned brown yellowish and started rotting. I lost almost 80% of the yield to that disease. i don't know what caused the holes and the required remedies. i would want to try English Cucumbers in a greenhouse . Please advice costs estimates spacing and the best variety, the disease and pest control measures. I wish to have a 60m by 12m green house using wooden poles. Please advise the right size of plastic sheet.
  • John said on April 10, 2015
    i am from Kisumu, Kenya and i need to grow cucumber in large scale. how can i get to the international market. i mean export to may be overseas
  • celestine usamah said on May 20, 2015
    i live at ipaja, in lagos, nigeria. I need to know how the soil could be drain for cucumber plantation? Are the seedlings those found in the cucumber? In nigeria there is plenty of sun would that be of any advantage to healthy harvest? What is the best fertilizer and how best can it be applied? Thank you.
  • Adams Abdulmumin said on September 12, 2015
    My name is Adams Abdulmumin, I'm from Abuja Nigeria. I want to start up a farm in kuje area counsel Abuja. i want to go into cucumber, green peppers and carrots farming will that be a good combination? Plus I will want to know that I need to know about them.
  • Beatrice Masago said on December 8, 2015
    I would like to do cucumber farming in an open field. Please advice on pests and pesticides to be used. Beatrice from Narok,Kenya.
  • Amos Micheal Kisimusi said on July 5, 2016
    I would like to do English cucumber on 1000ma open filed, how do I go about it please advise , i'm Amos Micheal Kisimusi ,Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 'Tola Efunkoya. said on August 30, 2016
    I want to venture into Watermelon and Cucumber farming. I need useful advice on how to do this. Thanks.
  • micah beginner adviser said on October 11, 2016
    Pls for those of u asking of cucumber disease the name is mosaic virus that the most common disease of cucumber and for those who need any type of seed be it cucumber watermelon tomatoes and many more i supply them just call +2348160518689

    +2348160518689 | Farming Expert, Nigeria

  • Simbarashe said on December 6, 2016
    Tell me the chemical to treat the disease I'm in mount Darwin zimb


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