Starting Cotton Farming

The cotton industry is growing in other areas in the U.S. where it has not existed before. This is due to the emergence of new cotton varieties that have better survival capabilities than older ones. Are you interested in the cotton business? Read the basics of cotton farming from our guide.

Cotton is the most commonly used natural fiber for spinning into yarn or thread used to make textile.

Cottonseed is also used to produce cottonseed oil. The U.S. supplies most of the cotton needs of the world. Cottonseed is widely grown in the South, although due to the emergence of new cotton varieties, the industry is growing in areas where it has not existed before. The government is supportive of the industry and is providing subsidies for cotton farmers.

Cotton Growing Basics

Soil for cotton farming doesn’t have to be of excellent quality. Water requirement is less than for crops like corn and soybeans and cotton could be planted in dry land. But cotton needs a lot of heat and long frost-free period. It needs sufficient heat and light to mature and should not be subject to frost prior to maturity. Frost could retard growth and lead to reduced yield in the same way that too little heat could. Too little or too much fertilizer, planting seeds too early or too late and weed and insect infestation could also reduce yield. Planting time varies according to weather conditions of the location. Good farm management is the key to producing high yields.

Cotton Farming Requirements

Due to its susceptibility to insects and pests, particularly to boll weevil, cotton farming requires high capital and labour requirements. Added to these are the costs of securing transportation and machinery for cultivating cotton and building a warehouse for storing produce. A farmer wanting to start cotton growing must be aware of the labour and capital requirements that cotton farming requires. He must learn growing practices that lead to higher productivity. He must also be aware of the condition of the cotton industry in his area.

A cotton farmer must not only grow but sell its produce in order to make a profit. If large tracts of neighbouring lands are already planted with cotton that is supplied to several cotton gins nearby, then the industry is already established. If the nearby cotton gin is at a distance such that transportation cost to deliver the produce is too high to operate profitably, then one must reconsider growing the crop. Pursue it if the industry is growing and cotton farming promises to have a potential. Hire the services of a crop consultant whose expertise will be valuable for a starter.


  • Mongamo (GP) said on October 7, 2009
  • Ahmad Al Nahdi said on October 20, 2009
    I am interested in cotton farming in Yemen, I need addresses of cotton farming management (operations) companies. To run the farm daily operations.
  • Narender said on November 30, 2009
    I am from IT Industry and wanted to get into cotton farming business and need some guidance
  • kshitij snghal said on January 17, 2010
    I am planning to start a cotton farming in the western region of india. i need assistance in making a business plan.. thank you..!!
  • HituDongare said on August 5, 2010
    write me proper way for best farming of cotton and for highest yield.
  • Umar Pardesi said on August 9, 2010
    We are Planning to start Cotton farming and ginning in West Africa and need assistance.
  • Umar Pardesi said on August 9, 2010
    We are planning to cultivate cotton on 7500 hectares of Land and a Ginning Factory. We need assistance.
  • Tully said on September 21, 2010
    I am interested in starting up the cotton farm, what are the procedure? Namibia, Africa
  • Michelle said on September 29, 2010
    Interested in possibly starting cotton farm in New Mexico.
  • sumit bhalla said on October 20, 2010
    We are Planning to start Cotton farming and ginning and need assistance.
  • Alvaro Sanchez said on December 9, 2010
    is there anyone who can help me in cotton farming? I am in Imperial Valley, California
  • SAQIB JAWAD RAO said on December 11, 2010
    hello i am planning to cultivate cotton on 200 hectares in February 2011. near multan punjab pakistan. so i need good information and assistance. contact 0321/0331-4027200.
  • abraham Gossaye said on December 13, 2010
    We are planing to start cotton farm on 10 Hectors of Land in the south west part of Ethiopia. We have no knowledge of the sector but know that we have a huge demand both local and foreign markets. Anyone who has the expertise to give us advise and provide us information on how to start-up will be of a great help. My contact is +251-911-517285.
  • Lucas said on December 28, 2010
    I am planning to take over an existing cotton farm and want to know the best cotton seed to use. I plan to target the undergarment textile market.
  • Amosu Olufemi said on January 12, 2011
    I have acquired 20 Acres of Land for Cotton cultivation in June, 2011. The land is about to be prepared for maize in March.maize will be harvested in June and Cotton will be Planted in June to be harvested in December. The market potential here in Nigeria is low so I need other market opportunities for Cotton.
  • Brown said on January 18, 2011
    We have a combined 60 years of experience in operating, erecting, and repairing all makes of cotton gins. We can help you modernize your cotton gin and help you increase your bales per hour. We ship world wide and will be glad to help you locate any cotton ginning machines that you need. E-mail Us at
  • Louvenia Grant Sellers said on January 27, 2011
    My parents left me a farm in Hayneville, AL which has been dominant for years and has been taken over by trees, brush, briars, etc. Their source of income was cotton and all sorts of produce; animals, etc. I would like to recreate this farm with cotton as the income source. I need some assistance in writing a business plan to secure a loan for labor, equipment, training, construction, seeds, and all materials needed to get this farm started. Louvenia G. Sellers
  • Jay Francis said on February 10, 2011
    I would like to start a cotton plantation in the Philippines. I have 30 hectares at my disposal. what is the best seed to use. Also I would like to have a business plan to start. Also how much can you make per hectare? Thank you so much for this info. Warmest regards, Jay
  • dereje said on February 11, 2011
    I am called Dereje from Ethiopia,i want to start cotton farm in south-west Ethiopia.pls help me in the project desining and other facts to strt cotton farm
  • Deepak said on February 15, 2011
    I am traveling to Ethiopia as consultant for Cotton Farming & Mini Cotton Ginnery. Any Other Individual Involved May contact me on + 91 9822579466 /
  • Binyam said on February 17, 2011
    @Deepak & Dereje. what information do you need? I am working for a spinning mill in the cotton supply chain. I am also been in touch with Ginners and producers all over Ethiopia. contact+251-911920017,
  • Baal perazim said on February 20, 2011
    What is the best cotton seed for Good yield and quality . How many KG per hectare ,how long does it take to harvest ,pleas send us something to read. Regards.
  • Maureen said on February 20, 2011
    hi. Am Maureen from kenya and would like to start cotton farming in Malindi (kenyan coast) need your advice
  • Kindred Company said on February 27, 2011
    Please send me info about to building cotton farming in New Mexico. Thank you !
  • PANKAJ DUBEY said on March 2, 2011
    hi I want to start cotton farming in unnao & kanpur situated in north India. Please guide me, I need full information regarding cotton farming and advise. my email mobile 9415043586 thanks. pankaj dubey, kanpur,state u.p., INDIA
  • nirmal jain said on March 11, 2011
    Deepak, we are planning to set up a cotton farm in ethopia along with spinning project. Pls call me to discuss the project with you. my cell is 91-9422047194 mail id is thanks
  • S.T.CHANDRASEKAR beginner adviser said on March 17, 2011
    I am a cotton SR.Agronomist ,.22 YEARS WITH COTTON FARMING - ISRAELI EDUCATED IN COTTON FARMING-IRRIGATION TECH AND EXTENSION SERVICE ,. Located in COIMBATORE( SOUTH INDIA) ,.Served with SOUTHERN India COTTON MILL'S COTTON DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATION cotton project,. DEAR DEEPAK AND Nirmal u may contact for any thing on the issue at my mail ID and 09543784695, chandra

  • samul aggrey said on April 8, 2011
    please help me start cotton framing in my area (kumasi) email and my contact 23320202573756.
  • Tamba Matturi said on April 13, 2011
    I want to start a cotton farming business in Kono, Sierra Leone, West Africa. I need information on where to get the right type of planting material, the time of planting and the cultural practices which enhance yields and quality and finally where I may market my crop.
  • abiodun olalekan said on April 14, 2011
    Hello sir,we are new,young exporting company in Nigeria going into export of cotton .please can you link us to any reliable buyers abroad and also good business proposal and how to get started in importing cottons abroad.Thanks
  • JAMES said on April 28, 2011
    I want to start cotton farming in Baringo county Kenya. Please advice on nutrient requirements of cotton plant. What is the appro. yield per ha in the sub-saharan region?
  • Adanlawo Julius Adekunle said on May 3, 2011
    I am a staff of Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria and also the Cotton Desk Officer in the Ministry. Please, i will like to inquire if there are training opportunities for our farmers and other cotton operatives. This believe will increase and improve the knowledge of our cotton farmers on the agronomic practices and marketability of the products and consequently improve our cotton quality and national output.
  • Akshay Rajendra Ahirrao said on May 13, 2011
    Hello sir, My name is Akshay Rajendra Ahirrao. I am Bachelor of Science in Computer. I want to start any company/business but like cotton farming in my village or form. place address is At post Dhadane Tal Sakri Dist Dhule State Maharashtra(India). Please send me info about to building cotton farming & what are the procedure? And also fruit company like mango, orange, etc. Please help. Please send company information who want my cotton in my form. Please send total information on my email., contact no.07588629652
  • edmond Apopo OUMA said on May 30, 2011
    I am from Kenya, Africa. i would like to start up a cotton farm in my area, i have 15hecatares of virgin land. I want to know about type of cotton that is in the market, how to get customers and price. Best pesticide to use and best farming methods to get a good harvest. Storage methods etc. Please help.
  • Kihedam Trading plc said on June 20, 2011
    We want to start cotton farm in western Ethiopia. We are looking for some one to work in joint-venture with us.
  • Wongama said on July 7, 2011
    I wish to start a cotton farm in King William's Town Rural areas next to Dimbaza, and also looking for a sample of a suitable business plan
  • baran said on August 5, 2011
    deepak and nirmal .we are interested in african cotton but canyou inform the uster values and specs of cotton generally in ethiopia i have seen some report but they had very low 28 around stable strength micronaire for us between 3.5-4.7 is acceptable. as far as ı know the cotton export is banned so yarn is the way. if you people can inform about uster values of cotton of yours will be glad. we can find a market for cotton if you source good one
  • Mr. Vithal Dighe said on September 22, 2011
    Dear Investor who are interested to invest and do Agriculture project in East Africa,like Ethiopia, Kenya I would like to introduce my self as an Agronomist not only Agronomist but Total Project management of Cotton, Vegetable, Cereals, Horticultural Crops Farms. I have been In Africa Since 2004 West Africa, Ghana( Two years) and Ethiopia (Four years) I am interested to join or do corporate farming for you with all Govn official Liasoning.Mobile +91-9767979607
  • shrimant solunke said on September 23, 2011
    Dear Investor who are interested to invest and do Agriculture project in East Africa,like Ethiopia, I would like to introduce my self as an General manager-cotton not only in conventional cotton but Total Project management of organic and Fair trade Cotton, I am interested to join or do corporate farming for you with all official Liasoning. Mobile -9422218581/9422218581 Email-
  • Skila Friede said on October 7, 2011
    Hi, In case you like to start a Cotton farm, be sure that only the best adviser will be with you ! For any assistance, Please contact to : and you will have the best Israeli Know How to run your project. Regard's, Skila, Isragro - Israel.
  • Ngoni Kenyaditswe said on November 2, 2011
    Hello m very much interested in cotton farming but i dont no any resources needed for me to begin this
  • Barbara Houston-Booty said on November 7, 2011
    Need info on starting a cotton farm in US/South Texas. Please include some type of sample business. East Texsas- Are there other cotton farms in this area and how many?
  • Mamuzou Akpo said on December 2, 2011
    I am a business man with core competence in information technology with specialization in software development and business process automation. I am currently looking into diversifying. I have chosen to go into farming as part of the areas I want to go into. Am looking at cotton farming. I want to acquire some lands in Warri, Delta State, Nigeria so I can start the business of farming cotton. I really do not know much about farming cotton and that is why I am writing you if you will advice me for me before I start off with the farming business. Thank you
  • Hanumant D Mhaske said on February 1, 2012
    i am interested in cotton farm i handling the all cotton crop cultivation practices. i am interested in other countries
  • Mohamed Syed Fofanah said on February 22, 2012
    I would like to start cotton farming in the Northern Province of Sierra Leone. I need help with the agronomic practice of cotton in tropical countries. Irrigation system information most helpful
  • Dr Zerihun Desalegn said on February 29, 2012
    I am Breeder Agronomist more than 15 years of experience on cotton production, agronomy, seed production, research, training and technology transfer all over Ethiopia and international exposure please call 251923815384
  • Robin Chowdhury said on March 5, 2012
    If anyone has land for sale or lease for cotton production in EASTERN AFRICA (i.e. KENYA, TANZANIA etc), I would be interested. Likewise, if anyone is willing to manage a cotton production farm, feel free to contact me. Robin. Singapore email: Cell: +6591390041
  • wendy said on April 23, 2012
    I am interested in Cotton farming I live in South Africa Kwazulu Natal LAdysmith. i need help of someone to tell me if the environment is suitable to do so
  • Jess Lebanan said on May 9, 2012
    Hello I'm from the philippines specifically at the island of mindanao. had ventured small areas of cotton plantation here in our locality and find it promising for its not laborous and capital intensive just like other crops i had planted in the past. I'm looking for an interested partner who wanted to joint venture in expanding cotton plantation and invest in a mini gunnery. we have still wide areas here for lease suitable for the said project. any interested may contact me at 083 2283962,083 520-0879 mobile no. 09215604870, 09998804870 tnx. & god Bless...
  • sanjeev mathur said on June 14, 2012
    dear all I have around 10 years experience in cotton cultivation and also worked at Ethopia on 50000 hact cotton farm as manager project . If any body wants assistance may write @
  • anzar becker said on June 14, 2012
    sir i am very much interested in starting cotton plantation. Am looking for land in south india tamil nadu and karnataka. I really do not know much about farming cotton and that is why I am writing you if you will advice me before I start off with the farming business. Thank you
  • wilhemina anum said on June 19, 2012
    i want to start cotton farming in kpo in grater accra region..
  • D.VEERA PRASAD said on June 22, 2012
    Dear Sir, I am having 11 years experience in large scale farming. I also worked as Sr.Agronomist in cotton farm located at Ethiopia(25,000 Hact)(East Africa). Any investors who want to grow cotton in large scale with latest technologies in African countries. Kindly contact me to my mobile no: 09441274128.My Email Id:
  • Eric Mamase said on July 4, 2012
    We are a group of young and old people who are interested to start a cotton farm
  • machinge said on July 7, 2012
    Hie, I have 12 years experience in farming of cotton under cotton company of zimbabwe. Any one who wants to grow cotton for large scale farming or small scale. Kindly contact me on 0843607073 south africa or email
  • Muhammad saleem said on July 9, 2012
    We have 200 acre farm at Khanewal,Pakistan and our main crop is cotton.we are interested in locating a well qualified person who can either join us on profit sharing basis or on fixed remuneration. must be result oriented. E mail :
  • Godwin josiah egbe said on July 11, 2012
    what is the sowing date of cotton in guinea savanna in Nigerian
  • saedi nuru said on August 3, 2012
    my name is saedi i am from ethiopia but i live in atlanta ga usa any body need used complete cotton gene plant or machinery 30% less than the market price let me know any brand lummus, contental or murray u can reach at or 6788622928 let me know ur budget i can find u one
  • simba piroro said on September 4, 2012
    i am in chegutu,zimbabwe i need a business plan to farm cotton on ten hectares
  • Elavarasan.M said on October 17, 2012
    Hi Business Leaders, I am Elavarasan.M, From Gudiyattam. I Like to share about production, INDIA now in 2nd place in cotton cultivation, We want to make Best as soon., Any Help contact:; 9940976233
  • Nwoha, Raymond said on November 26, 2012
    I'm Nwoha, Raymond from eastern Nigeria West Africa. Will love to have a mail containing comprehensive literature and practical note on how to setup and manage a high yield of cotton farm and ginning as well as expertise that could be of assistance. Thanks
  • Nwoha, Raymond said on November 26, 2012
    I deal on fashion and textile materials and business locations for now are Owerri Imo state Nigeria and FCT Abuja Nigeria
  • George Maletzky said on November 28, 2012
    I already have 10000 hectare of land available to start a cotton plantation under irrigation that is in southwest africa Namibia. Any help to start with plantation would be highly appreciated
  • Grant said on December 3, 2012
    I would like to start cotton farm in u.s. please help how to find land farm, any consulting firm to help this business? Thanks
  • A Orlale said on January 29, 2013
    i would also want to start a cotton plantation in Namibia. i need help with that.
  • Charles D said on February 3, 2013
    i am a Nigerian and i am interested in cotton farming. what are the requirement i need to start the farm?
  • Shirly Mashele said on February 5, 2013
    We in need of business advice on how to start cotton farming,we are currently based in (Johhanesburg) south africa.
  • Dinesh jaiswal said on February 10, 2013
    I want to cultivate the cotton in tricy india, pls send some project information ASAP,
  • Nguyen Thi Ngoc minh said on February 21, 2013
    I would like to start a cotton plantation in Vietnam. I need help when to start.
  • D.VEERA PRASAD said on February 26, 2013
    As a Agriculture Expert, I worked in Ethiopia(E.Africa) and Nigeria(W.Africa)in related to cotton farming. I can Manage commercial Cotton project. Any one interested for going large scale profitable commercial cotton farming/ Cotton contract farming in Africa. Kindly contact for discussion.My mail ID : and Mobile no: 09581053606/09441274128(India)
  • Sheila said on March 15, 2013
    Hi, I'm from South Africa and want to start cotton farming, what are the most challenges that one can face in cotton farming and what is the one pesticides that i should always keep when farming cotton
  • raju said on March 23, 2013
    hi this is raju form jammikunta. karimnagar.dist,andhra pradesh. jammikunta area is cotton cultivation area. jammikunta cotton market is second big cotton market in andhra pradesh. how to start my cotton business in andhra pradesh. please advice me. my number is 9989912966
  • machinge said on April 1, 2013
    Hi , i am in South africa I can help in line of growing of cotton until its harvesting time, don't hesitate to contact me on this cell number 0843607073 or email at Yours Machine
  • Shem beginner adviser said on April 18, 2013
    Hello! I am in Kenya working in the Cotton Sector. I am ready and willing to offer any assistance (whichever I can) to enhance cotton farming especially in Kenya, but also within the East Africa, COMESA and the Tripartite Free Trade Area Zone. Can be reached on email at || Cotton Farming Expert

  • amuda abdulfatai said on May 29, 2013
    Hi, am a farmer in Nigeria. i have interest in cotton farming in Nigeria. what are the man-days require for farming cotton at each growth stage.
  • samuel sarfo markin said on July 2, 2013
    hello i am from ghana, i have interest in cotton farming. please i need assistance, what are the requirements. please reach me on email at or contact me on my cell phone +233545714401
  • Amanda said on July 29, 2013
    I am interested in starting a cotton farm in south east georgia. How much land is needed to grow cotton to be successful. I will start there?
  • John Balla Marah said on August 12, 2013
    We are planning to start a cotton wool industry so we can weave cloth for sale in a local industry for out of school girls in the Koinadugu district in Sierra Leone in west africa. We are please requesting for support to start this program
  • Elna said on November 11, 2013
    Hi there, i am interested in starting a Cotton Farm in the Western Cape/Karoo Region of South Africa. I need assistance with setting up a proper Business Plan and some business advice. Kindly contact me via email. Regards. Elna
  • machinge said on November 12, 2013
    Hi Elna ,contact me on the above email address, about growing of cotton
  • zingisa gono said on November 25, 2013
    hi i'm a young lady who is interested in cotton farming i live at eastern cape and i am willing to start my business here in eastern cape flagstaff. i need more information on cotton farming such as where to sell it, how much does it cost etc, and i also need a funder who will help me with the capital as i have noticed that its costy i cant cope on my own. iam willing to start growing my first hectar of cotton by January 2014. please help. u can also call me on 0781971106
  • zingisa gono said on November 25, 2013
    can some one also help me with drafting the proper business plan as they will need it should i get a funder please help, u can send me a template on
  • Abhinandan jain said on February 19, 2014
    Hi I am Abhinandan. I am looking to start a cotton farming business in south of India. Kindly contact me via email. Regards. Abhinandan
  • Deepak said on March 24, 2014
    Contact for Cotton Processing Technology and Support for Ginnery Smallest to High Capacity. Write to :
  • leon burger said on April 19, 2014
    cotton mill manager. i have 4 years experience in building and managing a cotton mill in south africa. if you need a cotton mill manager ,anywhere in africa, please contact me for detailed cv.
  • Gakeope Pelemo said on July 22, 2014
    I have 3.72ha of land which I need to start ploughing cotton on it. I am located in the North West District, Botswana-Southern Africa. Please help with business plan and technics in ploughing cotton effectively. Regards,
  • zingisa said on October 3, 2014
    Do one need to do EIA report on his/her business plan for it to be effective to the funder? IDC just stated that it should be there on ones business plan, I know its costly since it can be done by environmental consultants.
  • E.Mohammed Al Qanai said on March 7, 2015
    we are a firm from Kuwait investigating in cotton growing in Ethiopia so we need all the assist we can have to start this business so kindly any one who has the knowledge and expertise to join us and feed us with some info we are seeking to start. E. Mohammed Al Qanai kuwait 00965 99813300,
  • Dike Elochukwu said on August 9, 2015
    I will like to invest in cotton plantation but I really need clarifications, the cost, is it profitable, the challenges. My email:, Phone: 07036300016
  • Isaac Asamoah said on December 10, 2015
    I am interested in cotton farming in Ghana (where cotton farms are on the low side). What advise could I get to start farming cotton? I need connections with experts, like farmers and traders of cotton and some deeper farming management techniques (operations) I could adopt to run the farm daily operations.
  • Reginald Stemela said on April 8, 2016
    I am Reginald Stemela from Botswana in a town called Selibe Phikwe and i would like to start a cotton farm business of about 26 hectors and included would be cotton processing. I need help to with a business plan. please help.
  • lerato pearl said on June 18, 2016
    i'm interested in cotton farming in South Africa Limpopo Lebowakgomo. i have just discovered the cotton tress in the bush.
  • Md Shoyeb Uddin said on July 20, 2016
    I am interested in cotton farming. IF any investor cum partner is interested can send mail to me.
  • Joseph Bangali said on August 23, 2016
    i'm interested in cotton farming in West Africa Sierra Leone. i have just discovered the cotton tress in the bush. we want to get a new three month verity.
  • pinkie said on October 9, 2016
    I want to start a farming for cotton wool at vendar limpompo so all i want to no is the seeds where can i find the seeds
  • Adepoju Folusho said on February 20, 2017
    My name is adepoju Folusho from Nigeria, i work with a large scale cotton wool/ Animal farm in Nigeria, i also assist them to turned the Farm wast to Bio-Gas, we used our Bio-Gas to cook and to power Generator, so if you need my service permanent or par time you can contact me by Whats-app or phone +2348069781370, or by,thanks.
  • Ishola Taofeek Abiodun said on October 25, 2017
    I need all the requirement and guidelines that surrounds cotton farming and best time to farm in Nigeria.
  • Richard A. said on March 14, 2018
    My name is RICHARD A. from Nigeria, we are in abuja we have gone to buy the cotton factory in the northern Nigeria so we are looking for an investor who can come and partner with us in the factory and also assist us join us to farm cotton in the reserved cotton farm land in the factory and interested company from all part of the Europe is welcome. Whats-app or phone +2348056001763, or by,thanks.
  • Vukosi said on August 28, 2018
    Want a help on how to start cotton farming, want to harvest it because where I am staying is indigenous, so I was thinking of marketing it to be in demand and a help from the department of agriculture on getting a piece of land where I can plant the seeds of cotton.
  • Kenney said on August 28, 2018
    Want to know how cotton wool is marketed? And how is in demand. how can I get hold to the department of agriculture to assist?


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