Starting Aquaculture Farming

Aquaculture contributes greatly in satisfying consumer demand for fish. If you are interested in starting an aquaculture farm, you must understand that this business needs careful and thorough planning. We have a guide that will explain the basics of determining aquaculture product marketability, evaluating aquaculture viability, managing an aquaculture farm, and evaluating aquaculture capabilities.

Aquaculture fills a large fraction of the demand for fish for consumption. In its basic definition, aquaculture is cultivation of freshwater and saltwater organisms under controlled conditions.

Organisms in this context encompass algae, fish, prawn, and shrimp raised in tanks, ponds, or enclosures. In a special way, it includes culture of marine organisms in its habitat, an enclosed space in the ocean or tanks or ponds filled with seawater.

Determining Aquaculture Product Marketability

Generally, planning for fish production is influenced mainly by market demand. Someone wanting to start aquaculture could not just choose at random the type of species to raise. He must know whether that species has a market and whether that market can support the business profitably. In addition, he should be able to determine or predict buyer requirements in terms of volume, weight, frequency of harvest, size and price. One of the ways that this can be accomplished is by talking to other fish raisers, direct consumers, wholesalers, and owners of seafood stores, restaurants, and supermarkets.

Evaluating Aquaculture Capabilities

After selecting some species that has potential for commercial raising, a prospective aquaculturist must determine the biological and production requirements of growing each species under consideration. It is important that he determines whether he has the necessary time, facilities, equipment and knowledge to culture the species or he is willing to spend time to acquire them. Main sources for information on these are extension specialists, and research studies.

Managing an Aquaculture Farm

Aquaculture involves more than growing a species of fish. It also involves managing the entire farm, which means having to deal with salaries, overhead, feed supply, and labour. On the technical side, it involves monitoring and regulating water quality, feeding pattern, and controlling possible outbreak of disease. Also, when constructing an aquaculture farm, one must meet the customary requirements for licenses, permits and comply with federal, state and local regulations.

Evaluating Aquaculture Viability

Having evaluated these needs, one would be able to draw an estimate on how much capital would he need and accordingly make the necessary adjustments in the size and operation of the business so that it coincides with expectations. All of these are aimed at seeing the viability of the business, which should be put down into a business plan. A business plan is necessary when looking for potential investors. It is a document that will show them not only the potential of the business to generate profit, but also how the business is expected to look like in the future. Sources of outside funding include loans from banks, private investors and government funds.

For resources, visit United States Department of Agriculture.


  • mahendran said on March 3, 2010
    hai, i wanted an idea for AQUACULTURE FARM...Now i got that i needs.....Thanks to
  • M/S K. A. SAMUEL said on May 3, 2010
    I would like to start breeding prawns in a tank. Please advise. I am based in the Badagry area of Lagos State in Nigeria
  • RBCCL said on August 24, 2010
    Hello, i am finishing my degree in business administration and i would like to receive more information of how i start an aquaculture project. I'm from Portugal and here aquaculture hasnĀ“t been exploited very well yet but have a great potential.
  • Krishna Murthy said on October 14, 2010
    Hello RBCCL, With my professional knowledge & practical experience in production of shrimps and fishes, I can help you out in aquaculture business that you are planning in Portugal. Contact me on for the help needed. Murthy
  • seth morrow said on May 10, 2011
    hello,i am from Guntersville AL, and we hold bassmaster competitions here annually. I am interested in raising bass, catfish ,crappie,and crawfish. There is a demand here for all that i have named. Is there anything someone could tell me to get my business started.How much land? How many basins? How much money to get it going?I am very interested because in gunterville there is only one fish grower and he only raises 2 of the ones i named. thank you
  • Jay said on June 30, 2013
    Hi, I'm planning on starting a prawn farm in the Fiji Islands. Very excited and keen on doing this. Can anyone help me out on each step of the way. My email is Regards
  • ALICE MOEKETSI said on September 2, 2014
    hi, my father and I are planning to start a business in crop farming. we live in South Africa in Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape. I don't hv any experience in farming except a little garden I have at home where I plant my vegetables. Now I want to know where do I start to build such a business
  • Chris Dike said on February 23, 2015
    I in the process of setting up an integrated farm for aquaculture and livestock located in Badagry city, Lagos state, Nigeria. No previous agric experience here...just ideas picked from different reports, research results and even documentaries. Agric is a hobby i wish to make profitable. I am desperately looking out for hands-on experience and technical expertise to make this cost-effective and energy-efficient. Pls reach me via:
  • Shashi Shekhar said on May 29, 2015
    Hi, I have all possible resources to raise pond fish. We are doing this for a while for local market. Not earning profitable amount. Want to explore this business. We have a good quality of fish in our pond and raising in a good amount every year. Locally we call it as fish of sweet water pond. Please help me out to explore this business in Indian Market or even out side if possible and earn a huge profit. State: Bihar, Country : India Thank You
  • sweety said on June 30, 2015
    Namestha this is sweety I am planning to start prawn culture in vizag please can any one help me out step wise


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