Starting a Banana Farm

Unlike starting other tree farms and orchards, starting a banana farm and growing bananas are easier and less complicated. Although growing bananas still require ones attention, the level of skill required is not as intensive as other trees.

Here are a few guidelines in growing bananas and starting a banana farm.

banana farming

The first thing to consider in starting a banana farm is looking for the right climate. Bananas cannot thrive in an environment that is too hot or too cold. The ideal climate for bananas is the tropical climate with temperature ranging from 26 to 30 degrees Celsius. Below 14 degrees and the bananas would die. Banana plants also need good irrigation and humidity. The banana plantation must have a good drainage system as they need to be watered at least three times a day to keep the humidity. A rich, naturally fertilized soil is the ideal for planting bananas. If such is not available, one can create compost and add chicken manure. Banana plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the banana plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them. It is important to maintain the humidity of the banana plantation.

Considering that a banana plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Banana plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature banana plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new banana plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about four feet high.

There is a corm at the bottom of each mature banana tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.

As the banana grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the bananas dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil. Unlike other trees, bananas do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the banana. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves.
 

153 Comments

  • Ifthikar Ahamed said on September 28, 2009
    I have a plot of 25 acres of land left out for nearly 25 to 30 years growing nothing ( abundant Paddy land ) It's just bordering a lagoon, which of course has a humid climate, this land was affected by the recent Tsunami. Is this place suitable for Banana Farming, Will there be any danger from the wild animals specially the wild monkeys.
  • Ifthikar Ahamed said on September 28, 2009
    This article about Banana Farming looks very promising, but need little more advice.
  • zalchambo said on April 22, 2010
    i have a diesel engine but dont have enough resources to purchase land and the remaining equipment. how do you assist?
  • tony mendoza said on July 3, 2010
    i have about 20 acres for bananas in southern mexico on the pacific coast. i just have a hard time trying to sell the fruit it seem that the price is never right right now the price is like .70 to 1.00 peso per kilo? to you is how do i find out if there's a better buyer out there?
  • Habibu Haruna said on July 10, 2010
    my farm is within the tropics. i need advice on where to get a developed high breed seed that grow fast and produce at maximum yield.
  • Philip said on October 20, 2010
    living in Tanzania east africa, where can i get good breed or which department is well concerned in ministry of agriculture or is there any research NGO dealing with banana seeds and products?
  • JOSEPH said on October 21, 2010
    I WANT TO MAKE A BIG SCALE OF BANANA FARM IN SOUTHERN PROVINCE SIERRA LEONE. WEST AFRICA, THANKS IN ADVANCE.
  • Andrew Matlapeng said on December 1, 2010
    i want to start a banana farm in Botswana. i would like to know if its possible.
  • vukile chinguno said on December 7, 2010
    Want to establish a banana plantation in Zimbabwe, Chipinge district. Want to know where to get seedlings and inputs particular for bananas.
  • simbarashe mutopo said on December 15, 2010
    We have 2ha we would like to dedicate to banana along the mazowe river, just after Mazowe dam on the way to Bindura in Mazowe, Zimbabwe. What variety should we buy and from where. What fertilizer regimes would we require in this area?
  • Oteheri Oghenetejiri said on January 7, 2011
    I need to understand rudiment of banana plantation. the estimated cost of starting it and various products you can derive from banana product. Warri, Delta, Nigeria.
  • Mabvuto A. said on March 2, 2011
    We would like to start a Banana Farm, with an initial 16 Ha in Nyimba, Eastern Province of Zambia. We have well drained sandy loams and a good source of water. I require a 3 year business plan to help me source for funds , analyze business risks and of plantation growth.
  • ajewole said on March 14, 2011
    I want to start banana farm in south west nigeria what are the difficulty facing banana product, what are the things you can use banana for? can you make profit in banana farming business
  • Raghunath expert adviser said on March 15, 2011
    @ajewole, Yes in every farming business you can get profit if you do it with proper knowledge. The main difficulties in this farming is bananas start to grow downward and the plant grows upward, the stems made with layer and layers of leaves warped around each other. Though the stems are quite heavy and not enough strong like other trees, it must be supported with poles so that it can handle the weight of the plant when it becomes heavier with growing fruits. Second thing is temperature, it should be 80F and 3 1/2 inches of rainfall per month.

    Raghunath Natarajan
    Startup Biz Hub - Advisor (Staff)

  • lungani said on May 10, 2011
    south africa northen kwazulu natal would like to start banana farm my gran the temp is good and lots of land
  • Sangram Singh said on June 17, 2011
    I am planning to start a banana farming in my own land . how much area is minimum requirement for it i have 10 acres for this and what will be the capital needed for this project. location : Lucknow, Utter Pradesh, India
  • Sadat Sanhehwe said on June 18, 2011
    I would like to find out if there are possibilities of canning bananas and also how to dry them. There are a lot of small scale banana farmers in my area but I think there is a lot of potential for growth if I put up a factory for canning and drying bananas
  • Manisha C beginner adviser said on June 21, 2011
    Hi, I am a farmer holding 10 acres of land in Maharastra, Dhule, Shirpur. I have already planted tissue culture grandnaine bananas. I need assistance in exporting the produce outside India and earning a good price for the same. Please advise. Also Do let me know if anyone needs advice on how to go abut with banana plantation; I would be glad to assist for no cost. Manisha - Mumbai - India
  • Roger Strickland said on July 27, 2011
    I own and operate a successful 400 acre banana farm in Belize Central America. I have operated it for twenty years. I am getting older and would like to sale it. It comes with a three year contract for sale of all bananas.
  • Jeff Doyle said on August 3, 2011
    I would like your contact information Mr. Strickland and any other information you can provide.
  • stephen gaudini said on September 11, 2011
    i have 20 acres of oronaco bananas plz connect if interested thank you
  • Abdulla Nasif said on October 9, 2011
    @Manisha C, I need a lot of good advice. I have no idea about banana plantation but I wish to start it on a tropical island I have with 2-3 hectares of land. Thanks, Abdulla Nasif, Mr., Ma Saadhaage, Republic of Maldives, Mobile: +9607773658, emai: nasif@directmaldives.com
  • Ramess Seeballuck said on October 11, 2011
    Hi everyone, I plan to start a plantain plantation on ten acres of land ai the island of Mauritius..I am only interested in plantation of plantain bananna.. Please advise. Kind regards Ramess
  • Manisha C beginner adviser said on October 12, 2011
    Broadly, you need to ensure the following:
    1. Soil type
    2. Water type (could do a test at the local lab)
    3. Labour availability - You will need to plant, remove grass, give fertilizers from time to time
    4. Daily Managers (depends if you want to look after the farm personally or through a manager)
    5. Funds
    6. Fertilizer availability
    7. Government schemes available (could visit the website or the local office dealing with farmers)
    8. Water availability
    9. Dripo system
    10. Procurement of banana saplings
    11. planning in terms of the time required to grow and the market available at the time the produce is out
    12. Market Price that you would get to know the feasibility of entering into farming
    13. Do not engage in having anything other than banana plantation in your farm (ie dont engage in inter cropping)
    14. Very important - Have the land in which you intend to undertake farming in your name. Own it..
  • Majorsindhu said on October 23, 2011
    @manisha Very helpful tips. Do you think the land pocket near karjat ( off pune - Bombay ) be suitable for banana? I am reachable on majorsindhu@gmail.com. Cheers
  • anupama said on December 6, 2011
    sir i want to know about the banana farming conditions and from where we get the plants and other information related to this..
  • Capt.Kshiteej said on December 22, 2011
    @manisha thank you for the insights on banana plantation. we are very much in the process of starting this business. i would like to personally visit your farm one day if you allow. please mail me your email id if you wish at kshiteej_wizard@yahoo.com
  • krishna said on March 12, 2012
    @manisha thank you very much. i am in the process of starting banana farming. please mail me your email id if you wish at chiraniak@yahoo.com
  • Mr. Banyar said on March 21, 2012
    Dear Sir, We want to to start a plantain plantation banana on 12acres of land Myanmar (BURMA) Taungoo region. Please kindly advise to me. soil is shale with rock. Kind regards Banyar
  • li said on April 28, 2012
    which potato variety is suitable(N-Genetic -M) for env. (20 deg.cent. -28 dec. cent.)in Laos. thanks.
  • Baba Mos said on May 1, 2012
    Thanks for your ideal solutions for beginners like me. Sir I intend writing a business plan on plantain plantation on a three (3) acres of land and does not know how to go about it more since its about raising or sourcing for fund. Sir I shall be most grateful should you help with a comprehensive details that will aid the writeup. Lagos.
  • Ajnas Rahman said on May 19, 2012
    i have about 1 acre of banana plantation in kerala. kerala is best place to growing bananas...
  • jot said on June 5, 2012
    I have 2 acres in Ogun state I intend to start a banana farming business. Need assistance especially on how to get market.
  • Stephen said on June 26, 2012
    I want to go into banana production, how will go about it. .
  • Ed Made said on June 27, 2012
    I would like to start a banana farm at Old Mutare in Manicaland province Zimbabwe. Winters are cold but the rest of the year its hot. Can I succeed with protection in winter?
  • james ruto said on July 13, 2012
    i would like to start banana farm at chemelil, in lower nandi hills 2 acres . eldoret kenya.
  • Manish kant said on August 17, 2012
    Hi! this is Manish from Jharkhand i have a bit knowledge about tissue culture banana(G9)Like every seller promises it will give good fruiting, color etc. but have not done before plz guide me well, i have a land also tell me about the process to sell them, about the problems while growing. Thankyou Manish kant 09334441066
  • Kumar Pant said on September 3, 2012
    Hi this is Kumar from Nepal .I want to know about banana farming .I am going to start banana farm soon so i need your's help .How to get banana plant ? How to care them ? When we will get banana after plantation ? How many time it takes ? Thanks Kumar From Nepal
  • sanjay said on October 22, 2012
    we have about one acre G9 banana crop at Kanpur Uttar preadesh (India) . plants are one & half year old but they are not flowering properly & plants are also not very healthy kindly advised me what to do for better crop . thanks
  • Olarogba Emmanuel said on October 23, 2012
    How many suckers will you advise me to plant on 1 hectare of land in Nigeria. Please respond to this.
  • Msawakhe Hlela said on October 30, 2012
    i have got 1 hector land i need to plant Bananas where can i find plants in Kzn?
  • Gerald Hazvinei Mufandaidza said on November 7, 2012
    I want start banana farming I am in Midlands Mbierengw a area in Zimbabwe having 5 acres of land
  • Manju said on November 10, 2012
    Hi, I am Manju, i have land in Karnataka. i am facing too much problems from monkeys. Please let me know how can i protect my banana plants from monkey.
  • vijay kumar dhar said on November 14, 2012
    Sir, I have started Banana Plantation in about 20 Bighas of land in the month of Sept'12 and approx. 1400 plants were planted. Can you tell me how I should proceed. Thanks V.K.Dhar
  • Dotun said on November 14, 2012
    Good day, i planned to start plantain farming in Nigeria, Ogun state Ifo. On an acre how many seed am i suppose to plant? Sir do you have manual and business plan?
  • sumangal said on November 21, 2012
    I would like to start farming of banana trees. I have enough land more than 30 bighas, near sundarban. can u help in this regards!!! we are a partnership farm. its a salty land near kumir proklpo.
  • Parag Patil said on December 10, 2012
    Dear All, for Banana Productions Pure Quality Herbal Soil Conditioner is available Salty Soil & Water Treatment, Organic Farming Consultancy .Pls Contact. VASUNDHARA ECOTECH 08275519360, 08308776857 vasundharaecotech@gmail.com
  • Shashidhar Kamat said on December 14, 2012
    We want to cultivate Banana in Udupi Dist. Karnataka in around 2.5 Acres of field land. Kindly guide us
  • igne said on December 15, 2012
    Am in Nigeria ,pls i want to know if there is any specie of banana or plantain that can produce fruits up to (3)three or more times a year ? And i also want to know the pests that can disturb the plant and the possible control of such pest(s). If possible ,i'd like to get detailed guideline on how to care for plantain and banana tree(s).
  • oke taiwo beginner adviser said on December 22, 2012
    @dotun, starting a banana or plantation farm is a profitable one cos i went to a plantain plantation to learn the planting and feasibility study, just hook at moyanbe@gmail.com to discuss.thanks

    moyanbe@gmail.com || Consultant

  • oke taiwo beginner adviser said on December 22, 2012
    @Olarogba Emmanuel and @jot. I too will be starting mine at edo state in the next few months. Just mail me at moyanbe@gmail.com to discuss about your starting plantain or banana farm

    moyanbe@gmail.com || Consultant

  • Sheena said on December 27, 2012
    Am in Uganda, would like to start with one acre with sweet bananas, how many plants do i need? How long does it take, and what is really necessary?
  • nirav said on December 28, 2012
    Hello friends, we provide banana G-9 plant tissue culture banana with uniformity, rapid growth, early fruiting, and high yield potential. Contact At : gayatriagribiotech@gmail.com
  • Nedu said on December 28, 2012
    I am about to start a plantation/banana farm in eastern region part of Nigeria in Africa. But the recent flood(2012) of 10 feet height took over the place for 2/3 months, because is very close to river side. Though the water flow in during raining season and have the height of water of about 3/4 feet height. Will this place be suitable for plantain/banana farming? Pls i need your assist so i can move ahead. thank you.
  • Akinsola Ademola said on January 6, 2013
    Thanks @Manisha C. for those clue. I intend to go into it in Nigeria & I need info on storage, marketing, exportation procedures. God bless
  • kehinde fakile said on January 7, 2013
    happy new season to you all, I need help on how to get 1 or 2 acre of land in ogun or ibadan of 80k per acre and good for plantation.
  • Santhosh T S said on January 14, 2013
    Hi, i have plan to start a new banana Farm in my own land. i have 1.25 acre land & i have water facility, so could you please send me a details of starting amount investment, govt loan availability subsidy everything,its may very useful to me. & i have start to do this business with partnership its helpful to me please explain. thnaks Santhosh
  • Rakesh said on January 30, 2013
    Hi, Contact us for best G9, Nendran Banana tissue culture plants, greeniabiotech@gmail.com
  • jamal sinani said on February 1, 2013
    we are about to engage and undertake a banana project in sudan we therefore looking a good source who have a good knowledge for banana plantation, currently we are looking a company who could provide us a banana tissue culture plants around 30000 plants for our first order if any one interesting for a further discussion in this matter please contact me on my email: banayem51@yahoo.com. best regards, jamal sinani
  • Shinde said on February 4, 2013
    can any of u plz guide me in detail, for procurement, banana TC seedling, for an Acre, spacing to be maintained, time to give fertilizer, type of fertilizer yield / acre,
  • stuart kimea said on February 13, 2013
    we are about to engage and undertake a banana project in Tanzani. we therefore looking a good source who have a good knowledge for banana plantation, currently we are looking a company who could provide us a banana tissue culture plants around 3650 plants for our first order if any one interesting for a further discussion in this matter please contact me on my email: stuartirrigation@yahoo.com. best regards, stuart kimea
  • Stan said on February 18, 2013
    Am looking for banana seed for my plantation. are you able to supply? how much per plant? Thanks.
  • Casridah Hinamanjolo said on February 19, 2013
    am about to undertake a banana farming project. i would like to know where i can find banana plants and how much they cost per plant. Thank you.
  • Ng'ambi Gift said on February 20, 2013
    Am in Zambia Kabwe, I need connection to the banana farm prompters in Zambia.
  • solomon ghole said on February 28, 2013
    Sir, I am from chirang ,assam, india. I am planning to cultivate banana tissue culture in 1 hectare land. I would like to know the supplier in Assam and rates per plant. Thanks
  • kelvin ice said on March 5, 2013
    sir, i am to start a project on banana and plantain plantation on 4 plots in 2 weeks time. please how do i start. am from nigeria
  • Mballa Sebastien said on March 19, 2013
    Please I need a write up to start a banana plantation of 40 hectares. I am in Douala, Cameron.
  • Ajayi S Kayode said on March 25, 2013
    I came from south west Nigeria, am working on getting some pieces of land. How many banana suckers can be planted on a plot of land and how many years can it last before diminishing returns set in? Also is there any ready made market for the product as well? How do i get started?
  • Ajayi S Kayode said on March 25, 2013
    Please send to me necessary information on how to start the business. is it good to lease the land or to buy the land to be used.
  • william said on March 29, 2013
    Sir, I am planning to start a banana farm .From where i will get the best quality banana seeds. my mobile is 09633906351
  • Amol said on March 31, 2013
    I am planning to go for tissue culture bananna plantation in around 15 acres of land situated in Murkatti village, Dist:Dharwad, State:Karnataka, India. Kindly suggest me the breads of bananas suitable for Murkati location. and the detail steps/procedures of growing the banana plantation. Regards, Amol. amol_dkk@yahoo.in
  • Pranay Mehta said on April 9, 2013
    I have land in Sirohi, Rajasthan. I am planning to start Banana Plantation in 2 acres. The questions I have are:
    1. Will G-9 banana be good option?
    2. Can the suckers from the motner plant be used to grow more bananas?
    3. What spacing to be used per acre if I am using drip irrigation?
    I am planning to get G-9 plants from Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd. - Agro Division. What is the yield expected from the Tissue Culture plants.
  • jeevendra said on May 7, 2013
    i want to grow banana suggest me what type of banana should i grow for more profit.
  • vishal chaudhary said on May 10, 2013
    i vishal chaudhary please give me some information about fertilizer and nitrogen or urea and diseases occur in g9 banana farming
  • Aisha Abdulkareem said on May 28, 2013
    please i want you to advise me on plantain plantation on a plot of land, will it be enough and how many suckers would be enough to be planted on that a plot of land here in Ogun State, Nigeria. please i need your response on how to go about it.
  • Josephine said on June 18, 2013
    help me to write a business plan on banana plantation, am 4rm kenya @ muranga county please am in need of help. thank u
  • ANIL MALDE said on July 10, 2013
    hi i am from kenya we have 20 acres of land with water. we need information about banana we want to use 20 acre land in banana kindly advice with all the details. Thanks a lot Anil, +254722811002
  • TITUS MBANDI said on July 25, 2013
    Banana farming is more profitable compared to other farming businesses but one need to have a large plantation to maximize the returns. In other words the more the plants the more the profit.
  • Young D said on July 26, 2013
    I live in south Florida of sandy soil where is fit for growing banana. I like to extend commercial banana plantation. what kind of watering method is adequate to grow since banana is affected by much of water supply- micro jet or drip, and how much? Can you guide me in details? Thank you.
  • Opeyemi ayodeji said on July 29, 2013
    I am planning to start a plantain farm in ogun state, Nigeria with about 2 acres of land, please, how much profit will I realise from this. I am also faced with the problem of how to market the plantain. thanks
  • segun emmanuel said on August 8, 2013
    I have started banana farming already on a two acre pieces of land in oyo state Nigeria..I want more guide and advice from an expert. I will be glad to receive response in my email.stillsegun@yahoo.com..thanks
  • Rodney Newman said on August 10, 2013
    I am very keen to start a banana plantation in the Natal Midlands on 2.5 Ha. Require planting stock/advice/yields etc. Any help will be appreciated.
  • yagya thapa said on August 12, 2013
    I am going to cultivate banana farm in a small quantity which land is waterable on the ground ,will it suitable for ? I am from Nepal.
  • Patrick said on September 20, 2013
    I'm from the Phil. our contract with one of the major exporters of banana is about to end. it covers 12 hectares of cavendish banana. Can you give me tips on how to maintain the quality of banana (including how many times you harvest a banana in one tree before you replace it) and how to find clients in other countries for export? please email it to me at pa3k_rob@yahoo.com. Thanks
  • swapan Barman said on October 2, 2013
    WANT TO START A BENANA FARMING PLEASE HELP ME
  • silfarm Agency Limited said on October 15, 2013
    We are in kenya. we supply quality banana seedlings, mango seedling ,avocados, strawberry, macadania and tree tomato seedlings among others contact us for more info. Our motto.Your investment is our priority
  • Palden Lepcha said on October 16, 2013
    I have 2 acres of sandy black soil, it is a river valley, it is hot and humid, and plenty of rainfall, it is tropical climate, I would like to grow banana as a commercial crop, but have no idea of getting good seedlings. I am near Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar Assam, my place is known as Gelephu Bhutan, please advise me to find the best seedlings or suckers. The suppliers can contact me on my mobile phone 0097577376137 but the plants must be certified by the horticulture division because my country will not allow import without certificates, thanks.
  • marlon laya said on October 16, 2013
    hi i'm marlon from philippines, i have this kind of banana that can a piece of its fruit can be 12 inches long, how can i propagate it, what kind of fertilizer should i give
  • remigio pastorin said on October 29, 2013
    Hello, am ramie pastorin wanting to buy banana seedling nearby my place pangasinan, philippines. i've got 2 hectares of land ready for planting.
  • Ajayi Kayode said on November 6, 2013
    I came from West Africa (Nigeria). I want to go into planting of banana. How many Suckers of bananas can be planted on an hectare of land?
  • velu said on November 11, 2013
    I am doing local banana business in Tamilnadu, I would like to do the global export, I have best banana product. If any one wants to do business with us please contact below mail ID. velmurugan.win8@gmail.com
  • Anil Vijay Dusoruth said on November 20, 2013
    I am from Mauritius Indian Ocean .Looking for ideas as am in banana plantation. Very interesting and helpful ideas.
  • MUSTAFA RAZA KHAN said on November 25, 2013
    i wants to know about banana cultivation in up east in bahraich .thanks a lot
  • Wilmot K Barclay said on January 5, 2014
    I am from Liberia West Africa. ten years ago I started a cut flower garden, I invested substantial amount of money in it with virtually no return. Last year august 2013 as I walked through our back yard I spotted a plantain tree, my brother had planted few years ago, its healthy growth and fruit made me regretted the time, effort and money wasted. By September last year , I brushed the flower and planted the first sixty suckers which I will use for multiplication this year 2014. please advice.
  • Emmanuel said on January 15, 2014
    How can i get good variety of plantain in Delta state Nigeria.08058234646.
  • oke taiwo beginner adviser said on January 17, 2014
    As for those who are interested in plantain farming in Nigeria. it is a very good biz and profit depends sales location. I as a person have my plantain farm and also would like to help Nigerians who loves this kind of farming. if you are ready to venture into plantain biz, kindly consult me by email... moyanbe@gmail.com. PLS... note in my last comment here dated year 12/22/2012, I want to learn about plantain farming system and feasibility study

    moyanbe@gmail.com || Consultant

  • araceli f. banacia said on January 18, 2014
    I would like to know where I could get banana saplings. I reside in Aritao, nueva vizcaya, Philippines.
  • bazil said on January 23, 2014
    I have a 25 acres of farmland and I would like to start up a banana plantation. my farm is in the damp area. what am I supposed to do cause I don't know the type of seedling am grow and how to prepare the land. please advise.
  • chukwuka c said on January 23, 2014
    kindly assist in where to procure high quality banana and plantain sucker in Anambra state Nigeria. tnk you
  • Elobuike Praise said on January 28, 2014
    I want to start a banana plantation on a 10 hectare plot of land in eastern Nigeria. Where can I get high yielding and short banana suckers in Nigeria? Please call 08096103353 or my email: pstelobuikepraise@gmail.com. Thanks

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