Rice Fish Farming

Rice fish farming may add income to every household, contribute to nutrition and food security as well as contribute to enhanced rice production sustainability.

In general two production methods have been advised for fish culturing in the rice fields: concurrent and simultaneous scheme, and rotational and alternate method.

Rice fish farming is a technique good for rice and fish as well. Hidden safely from birds and other predators, this fish grow in the thick rice plants, at the same time provide fertilizer with their compost, eat insect and pests that is risky for rice plants as well aid the rice field in circulating the oxygen. Rice and fish farming can increase rice production by 10% in addition they have extra source of food necessity.


To start with, practical actions is essential for a farmer to know a appropriate site: you need to find a place which is not flood prone to prevent your rice fish farming from washed out. Create a dyke about 60 cm high about the field outskirts. This is a double purpose method, to keep your fish in the field as well as allow vegetable nurturing about the rice field. Digging a channel is the next step; this is to provide fish a sanctuary during dry season.

Stocking and Planting

The rice plants by the planter are in rows which are about 35 cm away from each other, and then fill 50 percent of the channel with water. And water is sanitized using a small amount of lime plus a little amount of organic fertilizer. Once the rice begins to grow, the amount of water across the rice field is augmented to 12 up to 15 cm, and fingerlings or small fish are free into the channel. The moment they have acclimatized to the water, the planters releases the fish into the rice field and increase the water level. The fish aid the rice grows by giving organic fertilizer, circulating oxygen as well as eating insect that is risky to your plants; this allows the farmers to save additional money in purchasing fertilizer.


You need to wait 4 to 5 months prior to harvest, the planter will harvest first the rice, and then the fish through draining the water in the rice field. This makes it easier for them to catch the fish. In places wherein Practical Action has assisted person to build rice fish farming, planters have stated a 10 percent improve in rice production and fish for their meals.


Some of the advantages provided by rice fish farming include, additional income and food in the type of fish, insects and mollusks that are damaging to rice, it reduced danger of rice failure that leads from fish and rice integration, continued flooding and rooting activity as well as fish helps to stir up the nutrients of the soil that makes them more accessible for rice. This improves the production of rice.


  • david said on March 6, 2013
    Very very interested in this business, send me some more information on how to start?
  • Nyerhovwo Eguridu said on March 6, 2013
    My business location is the outskirt of Port Harcourt, Ikwerre local govt , Rivers state, Nigeria. Please sms more details about the rice & fish integrated farming system
  • Abija philemon .B. said on May 8, 2013
    This is a nice business opportunity which i will like to get more information about it.ogoja, cross river state nigeria
  • vineet kumar gupta said on June 5, 2013
    it is very interested business opportunity please send me more information , how to start this business my filled location is west uttar pradesh india
  • surendra maharjn said on July 6, 2013
    it is very interested business please send more information. how to start this business in kathmandu valley
  • Son said on July 9, 2013
    Dear Sirs, My name is Ngoc Son. I am from Vietnam. Vietnam is a big market for exporting rice. I am in rice business. My company specializes in exporting many kind of rice so on with high quality and suitable price. If anyone is interested in my business, please feel free contact with me through my email: hoangsonpvs@gmail.com. Thank you so much!
  • raja said on August 9, 2013
    i'm interested start fish farming with rice fields. so please give me project proposals. hyderabad, andhra pradesh, India.
  • gurjeet singh rai said on August 13, 2013
    This idea of rice fish farming is unique way to produce good quality of organic fish as well as rice. Please help me on this i am residing in Anandpur sahib , Punjab ,India.
  • MAP said on October 8, 2013
    Who would have thought!!!!!! My father is retired but still planting about 30 acres of rice, so this something I would like to try something new. Yes, i would love to get more info.. on this Wonderful Idea.
  • shivaji talekar said on June 13, 2014
    Dear sir/madam i have started fish farming pls send new idea my location india maharstra pune dist.
  • Ben said on June 24, 2014
    Dear sir/mam, I love and subsist life by farming until i read your noble idea of incorporating rice and fish together in one area. Could you please give me more technical details on this regard? I am located in Mindanao, Philippines. Thank you very much.
  • Uchechukwu Dominic said on June 30, 2014
    Hello, I saw your post about rice fish farming, my husband wants to start a rice farm business and then a fish farm as well. please could you send me more details about the rice fish farm? Thanks
  • sunny said on November 4, 2014
    can you give me more information about rice fish farming?
  • sandesh gurung said on June 8, 2015
    can you please send the pic or video to do this business..or recommend the website for the detail of this business...which fish is good for this
  • Phocas NAMBAJIMANA said on February 14, 2022
    I need to know the stocking rate for Tilapia, Catfish, and carp fish in the rice-fish integration system.


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