Farming Wheat for Business

You might be giving farming wheat some serious thoughts. Wheat remains as one of the most important crops despite the decline in the consumption of flour and flour products as more Americans cut down on carbohydrates in their diet.

This article will guide you with what you need to know about farming wheat and what it entails to be a wheat farmer.

Starting as a hobby crop in the US in 1777, wheat has transformed into a serious farming business, ranking number four as the leading field crop and the US’ leading export crop.

Wheat is part of the grass family, producing dry, one-seeded fruit we commonly call a kernel. An acre of wheat produces an average of around 40 bushels or approximately 2,400 pounds of wheat.

Varieties of modern wheat are usually grouped into winter wheats and spring wheats. Winter wheats are more commonly-grown, comprising about three-fourths of wheat produced in the US.

The varieties of wheat are:

  • Hard wheat – its flour is used for making bread, rolls, fine cakes, and to a lesser extent for sweet goods and all-purpose flour.
  • White and soft-wheat – have starchy and paler kernels and are used for piecrust, biscuits and other breakfast foods, cakes, cookies and prepared mixes.
  • Durum – is the hardest-kernelled wheat and is used to make pasta products like macaroni and spaghetti.

Wheat is also used in making whiskey and beer. Its grains, the bran (which is the residue from milling), and the vegetative plant parts make valuable livestock feed.

Planting and harvest season of wheat differs for each variety throughout the year. Planting season for winter wheat is in the fall and harvested in early summer while spring wheat is in the spring and harvested in the fall.

Wheat farming in the US

The US is the world’s fourth largest producer of wheat, having produced nearly 2.4 billion bushels from 63 million acres in 2008/2009. Since 1960, wheat production has doubled worldwide despite wheat being a difficult crop to grow since harvest can be affected by too little rain, too much rain and wrong timing of rainfall during the year. These weather factors can rot the heads of the wheat, rendering the entire crop not suitable for human consumption.

Kansas is the largest state producer of wheat in the US. Other major producers are the Ohio Valley, East Oregon, Washington and the prairie states.

One of the challenges that you will face when you start your wheat farm is the relatively low price of wheat. Since the 1950s, the price of wheat has declined yearly by -2.7 percent at the average. With wheat prices unable to match inflation, more and more farmers are looking at other more lucrative crops to grow.

High-yield wheat requires high concentrations of fertilizer and adequate irrigation. Most wheat farmers use large-scale mechanized farming methods which means you need to invest on equipment for your farm. You will need the combine – a self-propelled machine – for cutting and separating the grain. Grains are then stored in the bin of the machine. When the bin is already full, grains are deposited into a truck that brings the load to a grain elevator for storage.

Other equipment that you will need are a tractor preferably with dual rear wheels, planter, sprayer, and gravity wagons or semi trailers where you can put the grains once the combine bin is full.

As in any other business, you must create a business plan before starting your wheat farm to help you plan for your success. You should identify what niche your wheat farming business will be servicing. Wheat farmers in the US produce wheat for processing foods and feeds, and wheat seed for cropping.

To help you get an idea how much you can potentially harvest from your intended farm, do a research among the farmers in your community to determine the highest yield recorded in the area. This will be a good target for your farm.

Here are some things you can consider when increasing your potential harvest:

  • It will be more costly and more difficult to manage diseases and pests in a dense crop.
  • Before adding manpower or any materials, evaluate whether the additional costs can be recovered by the increase in harvest.
  • Every time you use chemical inputs, it will have a long-term impact in the sustainability of your farm.


  • Subramaniam Sivalingam said on August 28, 2010
    Good Morning Sir, I am Subramaniam from Malaysia, My company, Saroo Enterprise was selling 100% liquid organic fertilizer for wheat farm, paddy, fruits tree and also vegetables Add 100ml Bio Fitrah Herb with 20 liter water and spray to the farm from age 25days and continue every 25-30day until harvest. Dont use even 1 drop of chemical fertilizer or chemical pesticide for the farm........ just let go if incest come in..... dont worry, your yield will be 30-40% high. Please mail me if you wanna try, i can send by courier to you. Thank you Sir Subra Malaysian
  • Adam said on January 25, 2011
    Medicine hat alberta canada, Get some info on your organic fert. Bulk quantity please.?
  • john agbigbo said on June 9, 2011
    Is it possible to grow wheat in southern nigeria where they have rainy season for 5 months in a year
  • olusegun moses said on November 1, 2011
    can wheat be grown in southwest Nigeria/tropical region where there is rain for 8months
  • williams said on February 8, 2012
    I want to start a wheat farming , how can I go about it.can I get manual that can guide me.Northern Nigeria(Abuja or Kaduna)
  • Hulemenaye Getahun said on September 17, 2012
    i am hulemenaye Getahun from Ethiopia Addis Ababa Mob. 251-0911-40-34-09 We are cooperative have 10,000 to 50,000 heaters ready to be farm. we want to get seed for Hard wheat to plant. How much would you sail Djibouti Port. We want Company to share business with us as we are only 4 persons. We will supply the land free. We want the know how from. in term of equipment ect. please state what things we require I F C will fiance us .But we require to give Feasibility study .So please help me my p.o. Box is 43317 Ethiopia Addis Ababa
  • Laodicah Nyaribari said on September 21, 2012
    I want to get a partner in doing wheat for commercial business from USA, CANADA, BRITAIN AND GERMANY. Contact me through
  • melkizedeck said on February 20, 2013
    looking for potential to start wheat farming in congo. no one is doing it commercially
  • abubakar ojima said on February 23, 2013
    I want to start wheat farming in north central nigeria precisely kogi state how can I go about it
  • Masta Gana Gulumba said on March 26, 2013
    New Marte, Nigeria. Major occupation is growing of wheat. I am interested to know more about Bio Fitrah Herbs for fertilizing the crop. Thnx.
  • kingsley Ebere said on May 3, 2013
    Sir, I want to go into irrigated wheat farming at Aba Abia state, can you help me with information like where and how to get seeds and the best time to plant wheat. Thanks in anticipation
  • naom sono said on October 22, 2013
    I would like to start wheat farming ,but my site is situated in Brits ,North West ,will I benefit or suffer because of drought ?I am looking forward to start soon if everything go well .Regards Naomi Sono
  • ebenezer said on March 14, 2014
    hello, i am from Nigeria and would really like to know more about wheat farming. What are the potentials for growing wheat in areas of average rainfall of 1500mm per year?
  • vishal s pathak said on April 24, 2014
    i would like to start sugarcane farming ,but my site is situated in lohagaon hingoli maharashtra india . will I benefit or suffer ? I am looking forward to start soon if everything go well.
  • Olatunji Rapheal said on July 27, 2014
    Am from Nigeria, i plant corn and Ofada Rice i need buyers and will want to know procedure in planting wheat. i might get info from IITA a research Central in Nigeria if i can get any idea from here. thanks
  • Hastings said on January 20, 2016
    Hi... I'm from southern Africa I'm interested and want to farm wheat commercially. I need help with a business plan
  • Goke williams said on February 18, 2016
    Hello , I am also from Nigeria and interested in wheat planting. We have a rain-fed region which is 8-13 deg Celsius between November and March at Night. Please the necessary available information would be appreciated .
  • Afzal said on March 10, 2016
    I have the pure wheat grown in a desert. Not a single drop of chemical used in it or fertilizer. I can send you a sample to check. Please contact at
  • semire ilori said on March 13, 2017
    can wheat be grown in southwest Nigeria/tropical region where there is rain for 8months and also what about the soil?


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