Carp Fish Farming

The raising of carps, one of the most commonly farmed fish, has a long history. Are you interested in growing this family of fish commercially? Learn from our guide some basic information about carp fish farming, like which species are most commonly grown and what techniques are used to spawn them.

Carp is one of the most widely cultured fish. It is one of the most commonly cultured ornamental fish out of hundreds of ornamental fish species there are.

But those that are cultured represent just a few of the carp species that have farming significance out of a thousand available. Common carp, Indian carps and Chinese carps are the species that have caught the attention of aqua culturists.

Carp Growing Basics

Carps are hatched from eggs rather than born live and can grow to a weight of about 13 kg. They thrive on freshwater and grows best in the tropics where they spawn as much as four times a year. In temperate climate they spawn once during the spring. Spawning can be done naturally in specially prepared spawning ponds or induced by hormones incorporated in feeds or injected to fish kept in hatcheries.

For natural spawning, farms use different media to collect the eggs. Some use tree branches, others plants or fiber mats. The idea is to have a surface upon which eggs will be deposited upon release so that they can be easily transferred to nursery ponds. Eggs hatched within a week and fish larvae become fingerlings after about a month. They stay in the nursery for about a month before being transferred to grownout ponds.

Carps are produced in monoculture (most common) or polyculture to take advantage of various food sources available. Common carps feed on small plants and zooplankton, other species, in addition, feed on tiny animals, molluscs, detritus and dead plants. The type of fish farming is one factor that determines production level. Other factors include fish species, water temperature and whether or not the fish are allowed to produce naturally or artificially fertilized. Under optimum condition, yield could reach up to 800 g/m2.

You can pursue carp fish farming by breeding broodstock for sale to fish farmers, rearing them from broodstock or by doing both. So that you could master all the aspects of growing this species, it is suggested that you grow the young ones until maturity. For specific values on the best fish stocking density, size and depth of the ponds, ideal temperature for raising carp consult extension specialists, and research studies.

Fish Farm Equipment

Basic to any fish farm are a shed for protecting cultures; tanks or ponds for breeding and rearing and for holding the broodstock and larvae; pump for lifting or moving water. More specific requirements for a fish farm include water supply network, electrical network, air blower, heater, aquarium, and laboratory instruments (for culture). Other necessities include feeds as well as constant supply of water and electricity.


  • moshsoft said on October 3, 2009
    Hi, can this type of fish be cultured in Nigeria. Is it marketable in Nigeria? Kindly share your knowledge with me. Thanks
  • Dickson Akinyemi said on October 19, 2009
    Yes, since Carp is a tropical fish and does well in tropics, Carp can be grown in Nigeria. in-fact, Nigeria is one of the best place to grow carp in the world given its diverse geopolitical zones and abundance of land mass coupled with shortage of fish supply. I am currently researching into commercial production and possibility of Broodstock for spawning as pilot phase before commercial production!
  • Osaki M. Perri said on December 21, 2009
    My business location is Etche local government area of port Harcourt in rivers state, Nigeria, West Africa
  • Emeni Tony said on January 25, 2010
    I want to know the particular fish called Carp fish. because the carp fish i am aware of is the one used in water grass control. My business location is at Obiaruku Delta State Nigeria.
  • Prem Jaiswal said on March 3, 2010
    I am all ready in fish farming of Indian mager carp s culture..My fish production level is 10 tons/year without aeration. Kindly guide me to increase fish production level by 15 tons or even more
  • sajid iqbal said on March 21, 2010
    i'm from karachi pls guide me how to start carp farming can we grow them in fresh water rivers in pakistan or we need to grow them in ponds located near rivers, how much it cost initially for equipments and and produce in fish babies. rgds, sajid
  • pandit chavan said on April 13, 2010
    i am from nira i have already in fish farming from last 7 years kindly guide me to increasing production
  • Baisi Tang said on May 19, 2010
    I live in kimberley northerncape South Africa and Would like to start carp farming, how do i start
  • Quddus Biswas said on May 28, 2010
  • Daniel Branch said on June 4, 2010
    I am a Peace Corps volunteer working in Madagascars central highlands where it can get pretty cold at times and we have already dug a few ponds. The largest is roughly 5m by 2m and about 1.5m deep. My question is, would this be an area climate wise that would be able to produce carp, and are the dimensions of our pond large enough? Also when would be a good time in the season for introduction and also harvest?
  • victor said on June 19, 2010
    i'm from Nigeria, pls guide me how to start carp farming can we grow them in fresh water rivers in Nigeria? or we need to grow them in a locally made ponds. The cost of equipments. Please do get back to me. Thanks. victor
  • Fred said on August 9, 2010
    For any who are interested in farming I am happy to show you some farms in Germany. They have developed businesses around the carp such as restaurants, hotels etc. Get inspired and book your tour asap.
  • Ekaterina said on September 7, 2010
    Our company manufactures equipment made of fiberglass for breeding, cultivation and transportation of live fish.
  • j bekker said on September 30, 2010
    hi i am from jhb in south Africa a friend has told me about carp farming and want me 2 invest in his project. is it a good idea ? can u give me as much info as possible like parasites, sickness health, pond or tank sizes and fish per water amount if in a tank. thanks j.bekker
  • raghav said on October 9, 2010
    I have 20years experience in carp fish farming, at ANDHRA PRADESH, INDIA. I want to share my experience to business persons who are interested in carp fish farming. In ANDHRA PRADESH there is a huge opportunity to grow carp fish and also to develop carp fish farming. This is because we have skilled labour at lowest wage and also the fresh water is available in all the seasons. For the carp fish farming large variety of feeding material is available at the lowest price with good quality. Improving profits day by day in this industry has been noted. come share my ideas for better business profitability. For quires thank you...
  • Adedokun Abolade said on February 3, 2011
    I would like to know more about carp farming. The cost and other logistic needed for profitable business.
  • Esther Nothnagel said on February 9, 2011
    Good day, I live in Somerset West in the Western Cape, South Africa, and am interested in investing in Carp Breeding in Rural areas. If there is anyone looking for a partner that has more knowledge and experience in that industry, please contact me on above email address. Regards Esther Nothnagel
  • SARKES ZACK said on March 12, 2011
  • Mark said on March 30, 2011
    JHB South Africa: I am just starting off with carp farming and want to make my own fish food. I am interested to know what it should consist of and are hormones added as with chickens to speed up the growth?
  • hadi said on April 6, 2011
    i want to know more about the ways to increase the production of yield in carps fish in ponds
  • Raghunath expert adviser said on April 6, 2011

    @hadi, Hi Hadi, Crap may spawn throughout the year but the best time is january to march and july to august. As per your question there are different methods used in different places so if you will mention your where about then i can give you the exact idea. Usually people in India use small ponds or cement tank, In indinesia people use Sundanese method and small ponds are use in china as well for breeding. I think this is the best process which is use in India for increasing the production. That is Fish seed production includes egg to spawn production for 3 days, spawn to fry nursing for 15-20 days, fry to fingerling rearing for 60-90 days and fingerling to yearling rearing for 8-9 months. Thus the carp seed may be categorized at its final size into spawn (6-8 mm size), fry (20-25 mm size), fingerlings (100-150 mm size) and yearlings (100-200 g weight).

    Raghunath Natarajan
    Startup Biz Hub - Advisor (Staff)

  • alexander mohan said on May 18, 2011
    hey I wonder from where you can buy carp eggs because I have imagined a small farm that consists of approximately 100 - 500 - small carp that then must be a sport fishing pond. I am really interested.
  • Bedford Bashir said on June 11, 2011
    Am a farmer in Nigeria with palm oil plantation and life stocks and am trying to go into fish farming as i have land available about 10acers near the river and i want to do carp farming as i noticed everybody in Nigeria are doing cat fish. I have 3water pumps ready 10acers of land near the river and bore hole water as a back up or alternative. But my problem is to get the carp fish for breeding and specification or formular for their feeds. Please help by reply to these problems. Thanks, Bedford Bashir. Ogun State, Nigeria.
  • Mia F Ahmed(swapon) said on July 6, 2011
    I have 3 ponds .one is bigger other 2 is small. i am interested cultivating carp fish. i want t know how can i do it .Less money invest but more earn.
  • d bukhari said on July 15, 2011
    Carp can be raised on a variety of cereal feeds, wheat, maize, lupins etc all should be soaked in water for 24+ hours before introduction. Feed 2-5% body weight per day when water temp is above 16 degrees. Ideal feeds would be apprx 25% protein and 9% oil. Natural food can be increased through adding manure to the ponds little and often, this makes production much more cost effective. A good flow of water decreases risk of disease. Select fastest growing specimens as broodstock for future years, this will make a huge difference to your profits. Good luck, these fish are extremely fast growing, and excellent to eat.
  • Michelle said on July 28, 2011
    I want to start carp farming in western cape south africa. is it profitable? How do i get started?
  • Raghvendra Pandey said on August 17, 2011
    I am in Nepal, working with small scale fish farmers. The fish ponds are generally 300m2 water surface area each. Farmers are poor. They feed only grasses and rice bran plus mustard oil cake to Grass Carp, Silver and Big head carps. But production results are not very satisfactory only 50 to 70 kg fish production per pond in eight to ten months growing period. I need technical advice, how to produce more fish.I am technical adviser for them there are 1500 small scale fish farmers.
  • DR ISHAQUE SHARIFF beginner adviser said on August 21, 2011

  • mishharrison said on August 31, 2011
    i want to raise carp in a 500 gallon tank in my hydroponic greenhouse. i eventually want to eat the carp. i was hoping i could feed the carp garbage. how would i go about doing this. i live in the Catskill mountains in upstate ny. address: Mish Harrison, 2255 Platte Clove Rd, Elka Park NY 12427
  • mohamad S D said on September 5, 2011
    i am interested in starting a small business fish farming, preferably carp or any suggestion you may advise me of, i need to do it iraq bagdad and need to know what are the equipments required and what is the approximate cost of it, as mentioned i need to start small business first. can i start small then increase , what do i need , as i need to start an economical and feasible production. is it easy to maintain and keep working, i would very much appreciate your assistance in this regard.thanks a lot
  • khagendra subedi said on November 25, 2011
    HI, I am just starting fish farming( carps- common, grass, silver, big head etc.) The location is the central part of Nepal where the temperatures are upto 40 degrees in summer and 2 degrees in the winter. I want to know whether I can put fry/fingers in the same ponds that already have upto 1kg fish. I would be grateful to have your opinion. Thanks.
  • Fred Kammerer said on November 25, 2011
    Hi, I am located in Vietnam and investigated fish breeding and think that carp migh do well as an alternative to catfish which is widely cultivated here. However I need some data on the cost for breeding carp, e.g. how expensive is the feed and how much feed is needed to breed one kg of carp? Thanks!!
  • Nabin devkota said on February 8, 2012
    we are from nepal, we have been doing fish culture for more than 20 years , we normally feed rice bran 150 kg, Mustard cake 50 kg almost each week in summer, grass and we culture grass carp, rohu, Common carp silver carp, bighead . along with feed we mix 10 kg Urea and 15 kg DAP, chemical fertilizers in summer each week in Production pond of size 1 hector approx. plz suggest us the proper proportion of feed and ,how to get more production out of and also suggest us.
  • Shehu Maikai said on February 9, 2012
    I have a large fish pond in Nigeria, I want to switch to common carp fish production; please advise me as to where I can get the carp fingerlings to start. Thank you. SHEHU MAIKAI, KAGOMA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
  • itaumo said on February 20, 2012
    I'm much interested in carp fish farming, how can I see u today? I'm right in ph. Its urgent please.Thanks.
  • Norma Mjadu said on March 22, 2012
    i am from somerset east in south africa and am planning on starting a fish breeding project. i need all the help i can get. what equipment do i need, how big should my tanks be. how much will i need to start off.. this is an urgent matter please do reply
  • James expert adviser said on March 23, 2012

    @Norma Mjadu, have you visited any working fish farms? If not then please visit to couple and gather the basics of fish breeding. There is no strict rules for size of tanks or to your investment.

    Jestin James
    Startup Biz Hub - Senior Advisor (Staff)

  • rekh bahadur gurung said on April 8, 2012
    i am from Tanhu nepal, my interest is to product many tones of fish. is this possible?Please give me idea what kind of place is suitable. Thank you
  • Naftali said on April 18, 2012
    Hi, i live in London City, i just started building a pond in my grandma's back garden about 50 on twenty meter. And 5 meter depth. Is there anything you can help me to start of with? I knew i need a good pomp, and some anti bacteria . Anything else? What about with feeding? What about water temp. And how clean most the water be?
  • edison said on May 4, 2012
    i am based in botswana and i would like to start fish farming. where will i get the fish seeds.any assistance please.
  • Sarel Burger said on May 29, 2012
    I am interested in farming with carp and would like to acquire contact information or information about farming methods and acquiring small fish for stock or breeding of fish
  • Mario David said on July 26, 2012
    Hi, I want to take up a course on Fisheries at Hyderabad, please suggest. You may also call on 9885018325. Regards, Mario David
  • Dean Pelser said on August 21, 2012
    Hi, I have developed a fresh water fishing venue in the Limpopo province of South Africa and am looking for good quality fish to stock with. The intention is to make it a true carp angling venue (hair rig angling). So I am looking for fast growing monster strain carp, something like Israeli carp? Any help? Any advice on local stocks of stocking mirrors and commons for a second venue that I am developing or conventional angling. Thanks
  • Ieva said on August 23, 2012
    Hello, I'm looking for companies in EU (Poland/Germany) where my company could realised about 10 or 20 tons of carp (common and mirror). Maybe you could help me to get contacts. Our company is called Armolė, we are from Lithuania and we grow eco- carp! Thank you in advance
  • Sidhartha Das said on October 1, 2012
    How long it takes to grow up to 2 KG size?
  • IVEN NOBLE said on January 16, 2013
  • khagendra subedi said on February 18, 2013
    Hi, I am a fish farmer from Nepal, south asia, and doing the carp farming for two years. I want to know, as a producer, how can I increase the production. Can you please provide Basic to advanced methods that can help me? thanks.
  • Rohit said on March 15, 2013
    hi all! i am from nepal and i am going to launch fish farm. i need carp (grass or common ) breed and some suggestion. those who can provide me breed of carp in nepal please contact me...
  • asuquo asanga said on April 1, 2013
    i am a nigerian fish farmer can carp fish be grown in concrete pond?
  • adam said on April 2, 2013
    dear all. well i am from india, can i grow a carp fish in cage in silent water in a lake?
  • kianoosh said on April 6, 2013
    I can do industrial culture (common carp-grass carp)different points in Africa and Iraq with attention physico-chemical parameters in water and soil
  • leciree hidalgo said on May 1, 2013
    i want to subscribe carp fish culture
  • Virgil said on May 12, 2013
    I live is Seattle, WA, USA. The state requires an expensive license for grass carp. One site says that Greenlake has both common carp and grass carp. If you catch grass carp, you must throw it back immediately. I would prefer to NOT go fishing. Where can I get a start of common carp without catching them myself?
  • Rudo said on May 14, 2013
    Looking for common carp in Pretoria area to start carp farming
  • willem said on June 9, 2013
    i am starting fish farming as well as stocking some dams i manage for farmers. i have 6 dams available with unlimited water supply. close to river. i also got wild stock supply. i have already an establish market. looking for investor/partner.
  • lilman pun said on June 16, 2013
    I'm from nepal, hilly region , the temperature is around 35 degree c in summer and 10-15 in winter. is it possible to farm carp in cemented pond with flowing water from the stream. Please give me some idea into commercial carp farming .
  • Jan Dibbets said on July 4, 2013
    @Willem item 55. We are looking for a partner to start fish farming in the DR Congo. We will provide plenty of space to start and also we will give advice. Short time ago we are asked by the government to invest and start a business in Congo.
  • surendra said on July 6, 2013
    I'm from nepal, hilly region , the temperature is around 35-37 degree c in summer and 10-15 in winter. is it possible to farm carp in pond with flowing water from the stream. Please give me some idea into commercial carp is possible in kathmandu valley.
  • Kema farms said on August 7, 2013
    Where can someone obtain fingerlings to start a carp fish farm. Our farm is located in Onna L.G near Eket, Akwa ibom state, Nigeria. My phone number is +2348182754992
  • adriayn weich said on August 13, 2013
    I am from Gansbay in the Western Cape ,I would like to start carp farming. I have good market to sell to and access to 5 dams .I need as much information that i can get and if is viable or should I just continue selling the fish that I catch ?
  • H.Jumah said on August 19, 2013
    I like to start common carb indoor farm with a capacity to produce 100 M/T fresh carb fish weighing 1-5 -1.9 Kgs. a year. we have good land and plenty of excellent well drinkable fresh water in Mufraq city ,jordan. What is the requirement of complete equipments like fiber glass tanks , filtration systems we need and what is the capital required for this system .can you supply the complete system from your country ? How can we cooperate. Waiting your suggestions .please provide your tel no email and for easy contact. Amman ,Jordan
  • reza said on September 13, 2013
    i am from bangladesh i want to know what type injection is better for carp fish growth within short time. pls help me.
  • mexy kakazo said on September 16, 2013
    I would like every bit of information on carp fishing from egg hatching, feeding, pond-depth and size, water type (stagnant or running), carp species or variety, maximum growth size, growth cycle of carp fish, and other relevant information I might need to start up a successful carp fish farm for large scale markets. I live in the highlands (6000ft above sea level) of Papua New Guinea. Climate is just dry (sun) for 6 months and wet (rain) for 6 months. Land and freshwater is readily available all year. Your help is greatly appreciated. thank you, Mexy kakazo
  • alok kumar said on January 3, 2014
    I want information in carp fishing from spawn to fingerling and to yearling. What should be the depth of the pond and its size.
  • Rezaur Rahim Choudhury said on January 14, 2014
    Hi, I'm from Bangladesh. I would like to transport 40 live carp of 4 kg each to a distance of 200 km. The fishes will be transported in a water tank. What will be the best equipment/s (aerator??) needed to keep the fishes alive? Can anyone help? Thanks. R.R.Choudhury
  • DIPO OGUNBO said on January 25, 2014
    Hello. Pls I need information about where to learn how to culture carp. I wish to attend the training about the various carps especially the best one I can culture in Nigeria. I live in Asaba, Delta state, Nigeria. I want to learn how to culture carp spp
  • Rizwan Gul Khan said on March 3, 2014
    i am from gujranwala, pakistan. I need technical advice, how to produce more fish. in our farms
  • Frikkie de Beer said on March 10, 2014
    Hi I am from Limpopo in South Africa, I want to start a carp fish farm, I want to do it the right way from the start. Can you help me with the most up to date technology with how to farm with carp and how the ponds must be?
  • Gayle Labs said on March 11, 2014
    Wanted Viable egg / spawn / or fry stock. Catala Carp in small quantity < 2000 Gal. RAS fish tank volume. Smaller quant. of fingerlings would also be of interest. Angola, IN 46703, USA. Advise source cost and delivery incl. approximate dates of availability.
  • himasatyasuresh saladi said on March 18, 2014
    Sir, I have 3 acres land. Which I am interested in aquaculture give me best suggestions about which fish is better. The cost of farming. Give me advise on low budget. The area I am going to cultivate is ANTHIRVEDHI, EAST GODAVARI DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH INDIA
  • mario said on March 23, 2014
    Hi I need information about carp artificial insemination and farming
  • CJ said on June 23, 2014
    I live in South-Africa. Many Years experience in Carp Farming in Large Volumes. I will assist with information as to how to Start right to finish with all do's & dont's. To gain this experience over the past 14-Years cost me a lot of money guys ! For a fee of R 75 000 I will consult and assist you to the required result needed !
  • Cobby Baffour-Awuah said on July 10, 2014
    hi i am from Ghana, Accra to be precise. i want to start fish farming and i think carp is a good species for me to start with but finding fingerlings to start with is a problem...where do i a find some to buy in ghana,or in neighboring countries? and what size of pond should i build? and how many fingerlings can be in a pond at a time?..
  • Renaz Molli said on July 26, 2014
    Hi, I am from Iraq, I decided to build up a Recirculating water system for production common carp so please could you help me through answer me back my these question:-
    1/ tell me by detail how to hatching carp fish by artificially?
    2/ tell me what are these ideal parameter for carp such as DO, PH, Temperature, TDS ?
    3/ what are these kind of fish Diet during hatching and juvenile?
    Best Regard.
  • GEORGE AT said on July 30, 2014
    Wish to grow Grass carp fish in Ponds made in mud with polythene sheet.your advice please
  • Anthony said on November 21, 2014
    Hi @Jan Dibbets, Please send me your contact details (e-mail). we are interested to partner you on the Carp fish farming. regards Anthony
  • Showkat Hajini said on December 1, 2014
    Hi. Wish to grow carp fish in mud ponds. How much land require to kick start d business. wat kind of water(well water) is required in kashmir (baramulla) and how many times they can be cultivated in a year
  • Ibrahim said on January 17, 2015
    i'm from Maldives, pls guide me how to start carp farming can we grow them in fresh water or saltwater? or we need to grow them in a locally made ponds. The cost of equipments. Please do get back to me. Thanks. Ibrahim
  • B. Balajirao said on February 24, 2015
    I am Assistant Professor at Yeshwant Mahavidyalaya, Nanded, Maharashtra. At our college, we conduct graduate and postgraduate courses in Freshwater Fishery Science. Our department is capable of satisfying queries regarding biology and breeding of Indian Major Carps and also Exotic Carps. Please contact at for more information.
  • Dad-Samu Bitkon said on March 2, 2015
    Tafawa Balewa, Bauchi state Nigeria. I started a carps farming about 2weeks ago. With 500 jumbo size for the trials. I use concrete ponds. In the first 24hrs I loss 81 of them. And additional 24 the next. But am determined to make it in the business. Pls I need any advice on making the best of carps production. Thanks.
  • Usman said on April 6, 2015
    I am a consultant on carp farming and breeding in Nigeria, presently i have more than five thousands fingerlings of carp. I live in Zaria Kaduna state Nigeria, you can contact me on +2348028585533 I hope Dad-Samu Bitkon from Bauchi will call.
  • marius said on June 6, 2015
    Hi i live in Limpopo South Africa i want to start carp farming in small dams and need any input or information from anyone that can help me please my email thanks
  • Ashok mondkar said on June 23, 2015
    Would like to purchase baby rahu and katla for my farm house pond ,somewhere from Maharashtra.
  • Mazin Salih said on July 4, 2015
    Hi, I am interested in rearing carp fish and would like to know what are the requirements for doing so in details. Is there a site or a company that can assist in this. I am thinking of doing this as a business. Mazin
  • Gokul R.L said on December 4, 2015
    Tank with how many liters of water is needed for 1000 fishes?
  • Gokul R.L said on December 4, 2015
    How can we make food for carps if we are growing it commercially?
  • Gokul R.L said on December 4, 2015
    what are the hormones used for spawning?how can we use them?
  • Mr. Gbade Alade said on January 14, 2016
    How can I get carp brood-stock? I am into fish farming, I'm based in the South Western part of Nigeria(Lagos).
  • Shehu Maikai, Kagoma said on August 15, 2016
    Hi @Usman, I am happy to discover that you are a carp fish consultant, I started a fishing farm in Kagoma, I want to engage in carp production, how do we meet?
  • Usman beginner adviser said on August 18, 2016
    hi @Shehu Maikai, thanks for commenting, please contact me through my email or phone. I can come over to Kagoma for setting up of your carp farm.

    isusman2005[[@]] || Carp Fish Farming Adviser


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