Salmon Fish Farming

Salmon farming is an enterprise with global commercial significance. Are you interested in joining the industry by starting your own salmon farm? You can prepare by learning the basics of salmon farming and discovering industry issues you need to know before starting this enterprise. Our guide can walk you through these.

Salmon is valued as food and is particularly popular among health conscious people because of its high fish protein content and high Omega-3 fatty acids.

Salmon are found in both Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and are so named according to their origins. Out of the two, it is the Atlantic salmon that is popularly farmed. Atlantic salmon is the salmon of choice for aquaculture because of its adaptability to a variety of conditions and high marketability. Salmon farming fills most of the demand for salmon in the worldwide market. In the U.S., Alaska, where salmon is abundant, leads the effort to improve the technology of salmon farming.

Two of the notable characteristics of salmon are its being anadromous and carnivorous. Salmon eggs are hatched in fresh water, but the adults migrate to the ocean where they stay until they reproduce, at which time they return to fresh water. Farmed salmon depend largely on fishmeal for food.

Salmon Farming Techniques

Commercial salmon farming uses open net cages or pens to raise the fish in ocean coasts. Another method commonly used in efforts to restore salmon stock in areas where they are in decline involves a two-stage hatchery process. In the first, eggs are hatched in freshwater tanks inland. In the second stage, the young salmon are brought to the ocean in net pens where they grow into commercial size. The process takes years. Still, another way is to use an artificial stream. In this method, a “stream” is created near an existing stream. Water from the natural stream is channelled to the man-made stream where salmon are made to spawn. Spawning success is seen as higher in this way because the process is isolated from predators and destructive forces like flood.

Salmon Farming Issues

Salmon’s eating preference puts salmon farming under heavy criticism. Salmon depends on fishmeal for its protein requirement. To produce fishmeal other fish like sardines, herring, whiting and anchovies must be caught and processed to become salmon feeds. Reportedly, to achieve its weight, a salmon has to consume as much as four times the weight of other fish. Critics argue that these fish are better used as food for human consumption.

The open net-production of salmon is also being criticized for its lack of control on the fish raised. As a result, some farmed salmon escapes and spread diseases to wild salmon stocks and dilute wild stock breed. In addition, this production method is also being attacked because of the wastes it discharges to coastal waters.


  • balbir singh beginner adviser said on November 19, 2011
    i am a retired chemical engineer & wish to promote fishermans individually owned cage type of fish farms for salmon or other variety which may be suitable for india to provide income & nutrition to the poor fishermen. we have a huge coastline on the east & west. the size of the cage maybe of 50 cubic meters or as you may suggest, with the fingerlings raised separately in inland ponds with aeration if reqd. the cages can be made of stainless steel, aluminum or polythene netting. will they be floated with foam or some otherway. i am going to thailand next week & if there are such farms please give me their address or tel by mail or phone. what will be your charges for all the advice you will be giving for starting the fish farm thanking you. balbirsingh tel +91 9766594544 || Consultant

  • srinivasa rao said on September 5, 2012
    Dear sir, i am interested to farming this SALMON FISH FARMING, as per my knowledge mostly this type of fish available in Atlantic ocean and it is very good food for heart diseases so pls tel me how to farm this fish in Hyderabad, India we are very interested in this and what are the temperatures and what are the conditions required to farm these fish
  • Jeevan said on January 2, 2013
    Dear sir i want to start cage type fish form for salmon fish could plz tel me details
  • abbas said on February 6, 2013
    I want to have salmon fish farm , would you please send me the instruction ? Thank you. Country : GHANA (AFRICA)
  • Antonio Andrade said on March 13, 2013
    I want to have salmon fish farm. please send me the instruction.
  • William Woods said on April 9, 2013
    I am looking into ideas for my future and was interested in having a salmon farm, i live in north carolina (piedmont). I have a creek in the woods behind my house and want to get into the "stream" method of salmon farming if it is possible to have a salmon farm in this (only fresh water location) please send details on how to get started such as regulating temp., and make a living off of it, how to control breading, how often to feed, how many salmon per square foot, and what ever i need to know for starting a salmon farm.
  • hass said on May 8, 2013
    i am interested to have salmon farm in libya, is it possible to do salmon farm in Mediterranean Sea and could you send me the instruction.
  • Azu Ikejiani said on May 15, 2013
    Would like to farm salmon in Africa, surface farming in raceways. Need your suggestions.
  • Anthony Kaje said on May 20, 2013
    Hi dear Sir, am interested to start a salmon farm in North-East India. since the proposed location is far away from the sea. Is it possible to farm only in Fresh water? Like the stream? I would like to get information on this and is there a course where I can do and learn?
  • rajvinder singh said on May 23, 2013
    Sir, I am interested in starting a salmon fish farm in Central India. Kindly send me the details about it. thank you, best wishes, Rajvinder Singh. Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh. India
  • Elam said on July 23, 2013
    Hello sir, i have completed hotel management , with 5 years exp . I know very well about solman and its nutrition ,cost and rare availability .now i have a mud crab farm at tamilnadu in india. Now i am interested to farm solman culture .is it possible in my place? Can you help me ?
  • DADAPEER said on September 4, 2013
    now I am farming catfish here is some problem to farming catfish. so now i am interested in other can u help me .
  • Rajesh said on September 14, 2013
    For inquiries from researchers about salmon farming contact
  • Mohammed shafiuddin said on October 7, 2013
    Dear Sir, I am interested to start a solman fish farm in hyderabad is possible climate condition and how much it cost
  • Gerald Schulz said on December 2, 2013
    I am thinking about starting up a trout & salmon farm love to have all the info you can send me on my email, the cost of the start up and everything I need, thank you
  • waheed said on March 30, 2014
    Dear sir/mam, I am thinking about starting up a salmon farm nigeria love to have all the info you can send me on my email, the cost of the start up and everything I need, thank you .
  • Mustee said on May 5, 2014
    I am a beginner in Fish farming but very much interested to know the details and I like to do this in Hyderabad, India
  • praveen kumar said on June 25, 2014
    Dear Sir, I am interested to start a solman fish farm in hyderabad is possible climate condition and how much it cost. pls help us
  • Dipankar Das said on July 11, 2014
    Hello sir my name is Dipankar das..from kolkata india and i am fish farming and fish hatchery expert all types of fish Breeding over 20 years if your requirement a fish doctor your fish hatchery and your fish farm. Please contact-+919804590731/+917500230618 my e-mail. Thank you...
  • tien said on July 19, 2014
    Hi, sir I'm interested to have fishfarm .would you please give me more detail. How much I need to get start and how I can find the consumers?
  • Viktor said on July 21, 2014
    Dear Sir , Pls send me information about salmon farms. Thank you very much in advance Viktor
  • Sandip Raghuvanshi said on January 5, 2015
    Hi! This is Sandip from Pune, India. I would like to know if its possible to start a cage type Salmon fish farm in Konkan Area (coastal Maharashtra). What is the Investment & weather conditions needed? Where is the technical support available for this? Plus what are your charges for the advice? Please mail. Regards. Sandip +919422324034
  • Alen James said on April 2, 2015
    Hi, I'm interested to begin salmon farming in Kerala, India. Since we have good weather and other conditions in Kerala to grow salmon, I hope this can be a good idea. I heard salmon will survive only in 100% fresh water. Kindly advice how can make it happen. Thanks.
  • dalil ali said on June 13, 2015
    i want to start salmon farming in my native canters Ethiopia
  • Etiuzale umoka said on July 5, 2015
    dear sir, i'm from nigeria and am interested in starting a salmon and tuna farm please i need technical advice and the cost of setting up. Contact+2348081789714
  • keith walker said on July 20, 2015
    I want to start a fish business 901-626-9499
  • Soumya biswal said on November 22, 2015
    I want to start salmon fish breeding in artificial environment at odisha. Please suggest me requirements and investment. Rgds soumya
  • Jayapal C said on January 12, 2016
    Dear sir,I am interested to farming this SALMON FISH FARMING, as per my knowledge this fish good food for heart diseases so please tell me how to farm this fish in Chennai,Tamil Nadu, India we are very interested in this and what are the temperatures and what are the conditions required to farm these fish -
  • sarathraj j said on January 25, 2016
    Sir am interested to make fish farming please tell me it is possible in tamilnadu.
  • vishen said on February 22, 2016
    His sir my name is vishen and I am interested in fish farming I live on the north side of kzn Tugela please give me a call.
  • Allan said on May 9, 2016
    Hello,I would like to start a fish farming business of Salmon. Show me how to start the business, pond constructions,feeding,where to buy babies from and etc just everything i need to know to run this business successfully. Yours, Allan Simuwelu
  • roger karam said on July 3, 2016
    dear sir, i'm from lebanon and am interested in starting a salmon farm please i need technical advice and the cost of making the farm . Mob:009613111997
  • Enson George Isack said on September 8, 2016
    Sir, I am willing to cultivate salman fish in my own water filled areas in Kerala. kindly advise me about much more details from A to Z. My email ID
  • Dinu John said on January 13, 2017
    I am also interested. Please provide some advice
  • Ravikishor said on March 19, 2017
    Hi, I also want to start salmon fish farming. i will provide the salmon breed can possible send contact my email ...
  • ibeto chuba said on August 23, 2017
    am in Nigeria, can salmon farming be done in a small scale? is salmon feed available in the market just like other fish feeds? can salmon be farmed in your backyard? thanks
  • yusuf sani said on August 29, 2017
    hello sir, i'm yusuf sani from nigeria. i actually i wanted to start my salmon farming in nigeria but i dont know where to buy the fingerlings? please help with the location. thank you
  • balbir singh beginner adviser said on September 8, 2017
    1. you can start pond fishing with a investment in india of RS 4,00,000 on 3 acres if your land is next to a river/lake to earn about RS 10,00,000/year depending on the wholesale market price of the fish there is no provision here to attach my file so anyone interested can mail me at tel +91 9766594544
    2. the other most PROFITABLE business is keeping cows or buffaloes for daily income by sale of milk & growing your own feed & not buying from the market || Consultant

  • Joby said on December 9, 2017
    I am interested please share details
  • K Venkat Raghuveer said on July 18, 2018
    Hi there, Good day to you. Are you still in this business? If so I'm interested in Salmon farming in Telangana State. Please revert back ASAP. Thank you.
  • Pranit said on December 12, 2018
    Is there any salmon fish hatchery in India? Please let me know if anyone aware about it... Ph:+91 7387046659, Email:
  • Prakash manandhar said on March 15, 2019
    i want to salmon farming in Nepal.please if someone doing this business than please kindly text me mail on this email address-
  • Kulbhushan Devrao Tiparse said on March 17, 2020
    I want to start salmon fish farm in artificial tank . How to start send me details in my mail


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