Chickoo Farming

Chickoo or Sapodilla is a tropical fruit originated from Central America, Southern Mexico and West Indies. It is also common in the Philippines, China, Malaysia, Brazil, Bahamas, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Thailand, and Indonesia, Bangladesh, India as well as other frost-free portions of the U.S. with various names.

Sapodilla is known to be rich in antioxidants, vitamin A and C, pathothenic acid, foliate niacin, iron, copper and potassium.

About Chickoo Fruit

This fruit has an egg-like or round in appearance with various diameters and similar the flavors of brown sugar and pear. Sapodilla is typically propagated by grafting and seed. The best seeds are the ones from big fruits. Chickoo can germinate easily but the growth isn’t fast and may take from 5 to 8 years before it bear a fruit.

How to Plant Chickoo Tree?

Chickoo requires full sun, so you need to choose a landscape that receives a lot of sunrays and a well-draining soil. It should be 25 ft away from other trees and buildings. Untrimmed trees could grow large, crowded and shading, which can decrease the production of the fruit.

The weeds and grass must be removed from 3 to 10 ft in diameter. This is important because it can be an obstacle for the plant to grow due to the nutrient loss and moisture. If it is from grafting, make sure to provide enough space for the roots to spread on the soil. Do not forget to water the plant regularly too.

The young trees of chickoo must be trimmed regularly by using pruning shears or loopers to allow the lower branches to grow and to form stronger structure. The older tress must also be trimmed to control the size and shape as well as to remove damage branches or dead branches. Since this tree can bear fruit from 5 to 8 years after planting, it requires a lot of patience and hard work, wherein you need to invest your time and effort to care for this fruit.

Additional Information about Chickoo

  • Chickoo trees are fairly hardy and not often disturbed by diseases or pests.
  • The fruits must be harvested when the fruits start t drop on the ground or by scratching the outer shell. Tan means the fruit can be harvested now but if the color is still green or bleeds latex, the fruit isn’t ready for harvesting.
  • The cut or broken portions of chickoo tree seep creamy latex known as chicle, which is once used to make chewing gum.
  • Sapodilla trees can tolerate salty and windy conditions, which makes them ideal for coastal areas.
  • Chickoo has a tannin content, which is ideal for individuals suffering from diarrhea, all you have to do is to boiled younger fruits and make a decoction from it.
  • The combination of flowers and young fruits can be used also to alleviate pulmonary complaints and the seeds do have a diuretic action that can expel kidney and bladder stones.


  • basith said on November 11, 2012
    my location is kasaragod, kerala, india. i would likes to know how i can i start a chickoo tree with a seed of chickoo. is it possible to plant a seed of chickoo or it is necessary its small tree ?
  • jayshri said on February 11, 2013
    Please give the required information about chickoo farming i.e there is sufficient flowering in the plants but they do not turn into full grown fruit. Please give proper suggestion.
  • upma nayar said on February 18, 2013
    i have a 7 year old chickoo tree. it has borne fruit only twice. 12 to 20 fruit each time. though the flowering was heavy but it did not convert into fruit. pls guide. also tell me what spray or fertilizer is to be used. i would like to avoid insecticide as it is for my own consumption only and not commercial use.
  • Smt. Shakuntala Patni said on June 1, 2013
    i am from Jaipur Rajasthan i am having two chikoo trees in my garden, the tree. there are sufficient flowering but they are not converting in to the fruits, please give me some tips to get fruits from the trees
  • srinivasan raman said on October 24, 2013
    I want to sow chicku seeds in my kitchen garden. Please give me guidance regarding, sowing, manure, maintenance and plant care. Thanks Srinivasan
  • Iftikhar Ghani said on October 27, 2013
    I have 8 years old plant flowering heavy but dont convert in fruit please let me know watering time and time for fertilizer and quantity
  • Jairam Ramnath said on November 16, 2013
    We have a Chikoo tree at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu ,India. Plenty of flowers, but very few fruits. The fruit seems to take for ever to enlarge. What fertilizer should be added?
  • Musty Mbura said on February 4, 2014
    I am a farmer based in Nigeria and wish to know if Chikoo can effectively be planted in Nigeria my native country?
  • p.k.hadvani said on February 22, 2014
    I have a chikoo farm in 1.7 hectore in junagadh dist. of Gujarat state. chikoo trees are 8 years old now production of chikoo is started I want to export chikoo in foreign please give me Guidelines
  • Noshir Engineer said on April 15, 2014
    I have 5 chickoo trees about 25 to 30 yrs old. They flower heavily but give hardly 10 to 15 small chickoos in a year. please advise on watering and manuring.
  • Surendra Singh Shekhawat said on May 1, 2014
    i am at ajmer rajasthan. a chikoo plant in my garden giving only flowers. 3 years old plant. what to do .pl advise.
  • Leon C. BAnigan said on June 20, 2014
    I am from Houston texas and have chikoo tree full of flowers. What will I do to make sure it will bear fruits.
  • Shirish Satdev said on August 28, 2014
    I want to grow chickoos in Central Queensland Australia. Please advise on farming of them. Thank you
  • Mohsin said on October 14, 2014
    I have a chikoo tree at my house it was 12 years old it gives flowers heavy but not converting in to fruit and my location is Karnataka please give the guide to grow the fruit
  • ismail said on February 28, 2015
    @P. K. Adhvani, I can help you Mr. Advani to export your chikoos to France. Is it possible to send me a small sample? My e-mail address is:
  • Niranja said on April 18, 2015
    I've some Chikoo seeds with me, I would like to sow it plz help me with necessary advice. I'm from Thrissur, Kerala.
  • mukesh said on August 8, 2015
    I am from faridabad. my plant have guide how much time it takes to become fruit. if flowers not converted in fruit pl inform remedy and reasons thanks
  • Savio Gonsalves said on June 26, 2016
    I have a Chikoo plant in my garden in Mumbai. The tree is about 25 + year old, well growth about 25 feet in height .I just cannot remember if it ever gave chikoo. Can you help me with some remedy namely fertilizer or manure which I can treat this tree
  • om prakash said on June 28, 2016
    i am from bhiwani haryana, i am having 2 chicko tress in my garden. both tress have enough flowering but convert into fruit ratio is very less. what suld i do..? i dont want to use chemicals spry and fertilizers. is there any organic method. pls help me.


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