Cashew Farming Guide
Nuts are a good source or minerals and proteins. Aside there from, nuts are patronized because of their juicy and milky taste. Nut farming has long been commercially introduced.
To this date, many countries all around the globe are engaged in nut farming. One of the most in demand is the cashews.
How Cashews Help the Human Body?
Cashews or kaju is a fine tasting nut that is also a rich source of calorie. Nonetheless, they are a good source of essential minerals like iron, selenium, potassium, copper, manganese, iron and magnesium. Cashews also contain vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, and pantothenic acid. Cashew is known not only for its nice taste but also for its health benefits. Due to the essential nutrients, minerals, and vitamins it contains, cashews or kaju can help relieve diseases like cancer, dermatitis, coronary artery disease, and age-related macular degeneration. Aside there from, cashew is also known helpful in regulating cholesterol and is rich in fiber and antioxidant.
Unlike other trees or plants, cashews or kaju germinates naturally. Changes in the weather, mildew, and other factors cause the nuts to fall on the ground. Its exposure to moist, water and other components cause the nut to rot and germinate slowly. The nut that germinated can then be grown as well. But during the early stage, the root system must never be altered or disturbed. As the tree grows, adequate support must be established to prevent it from being damaged by wind and other climate factors.
Cashews chiefly grow in states with tropical climate. Cashew trees grow in moist and well-watered areas. Cashew trees can sustain a temperature up to 25°C, but may deteriorate if temperature falls too low. The trees when fully grown can already sustain drought and change in weather. However, this may cause low production of fruits.
Cashew trees are best grown in sandy type of soil. But the soil must be watered from time to time. It is also good to use fertilizers. This will help increase production and nuts are of good quality and taste.
Flowering of cashew trees is a good indication. It manifests good planting condition and that it will soon bear fruits. But flowering of cashew trees are often affected by the changes in the weather. Some flowers may be aborted if the wind became too strong. Nonetheless, the flowering stage last for three months period. Flowering of cashew trees also play a significant role in cashew farming. A single cluster of flowers consists of both bisexual and male flowers. The flowers may pollinate with the help of insects. But aside from using seedlings, cashews or kaju may also be grown through grafting.
The ideal time for harvesting cashew or cashew nuts is during winter or in dry seasons. There is a limit within which harvesting can be made. Harvesting period can be determined if birds and other insects begin picking up the seeds. Other sign that dictates harvest time is the color of the shell. When the shell appears to be dull grey, then harvesting can be commenced.
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1) How long from germination to fruiting does it take for the cashew plant?
2) What markets are involved?