Types of Horticulture

Would you like to engage yourself in horticulture because you love taking care and growing plants of different kinds? Then now is your chance to do what you really want.

In order for you to understand more what horticulture is, you can rely on the information presented by this article.

Horticulture is known as the science and art involved in the cultivation, propagation, processing and promotion of different kinds of plants such as nuts, fruits, vegetables, turf, flowers and ornamental plants. It is considered exceptional among plant sciences because it does not just involve science and technology but art and design principles as well.

In order for you to know the field where you will specialize in, you should know the four types of horticulture. Each division has its own specialization in treating different types of plants. As a result, there is a big difference in the way the plants smell, taste, look and grow.


If you are the type of person who has a big fascination to flowers, the floriculture type is best for you. If you will try to engage in floriculture, you have to work in all areas of commercial flowers production. So, this implies that you have to grow and to harvest fresh flowers. You also have to distribute them to different stores and retailers. In this type of horticulture, it is not just enough that you have the passion for taking care of flowers. It is also required for you to have knowledge and skill on how to grow the perfect flowers that are highly marketable.


If you prefer to work with pomology which is referred to as plant science, you have to deal with tree and fruit cultivation. This is considered s one of the most important fields in the agriculture history of the United States. In order to perform the job well, a pomologist should have formal education to discover the ways on how to breed fruits and keep them disease-free as well.


Olericulture is a study of science dealing with growing vegetables and the culture of herbaceous, non-woody plants for food. In this type of horticulture, the olericulturist will be responsible for the production of plants to use their edible parts. This is one of the most important types of horticulture because the edible parts of plants are processed into so many kitchen products used all over the world.

Landscape horticulture

Landscape horticulture deals with the careful study and use of ornament plants such as shrubs, hardy vines and trees. A landscape horticulturist should perfectly know how to care for natural plants properly by keeping them healthy as they grow. According to experts in this type of horticulture, the most important factor that must be considered is the appearance of the plants.


  • Martin Kutondo beginner adviser said on August 23, 2011
    Horticulture is a science and an art of cultivation of garden crops which involve vegetables, fruits and ornamental plants. It is derived from Greek words 'hortus' and 'cultura' translated to garden and cultivation respectively.
    horticulture is divided into these categories:
    Pomology- which involves cultivation of fruits which include both temperate and tropical fruits.
    Olericulture- which involves cultivation of vegetables crops.
    Floriculture- cultivation of flowers which include cut-flowers, annuals and green foliage.
    Ornamental horticulture and landscaping- which deals with cultivation and maintenance of unaesthetic plants which include shrubs,trees, turf, potted plants, vines, and succulent plants etc in their environment.
  • raghu said on January 23, 2012
    I have some 50 acre land, 100 miles away from bhopal (capital of MP). I would like to start with some business like supplying fruits, flowers and other high yield commercial crops etc. Can you/someone else please let me know more profitable ideas for my agriculture business
  • Akhilesh Kumar Thakur said on February 14, 2013
    I wish to plant flowers and vegetables in a pot. Please explain me from where I can learn the methods of plantation of this nature. in which how I can produce a biological fertility by using the house waste, method of caring the plants in all climates and basic precaution while using the different types of soil. how we should preserve the soil in the pots.
  • thomas said on September 19, 2015
    is croton a horticulture ?
  • Abdirahman mahamed said on April 30, 2016
    Horticulture is an intensive subset of agriculture that deals with flowers landscape plants and vegetables.
  • Abdul Hakeem said on December 5, 2017
    Really all are the interesting fields in our horticulture.
  • Hassan Kasim said on January 10, 2018
    I want to know the current state of Horticultural industry in Nigeria with regards to all its aspects, it successes,contributions and all that is necessary


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