How to Start Maize Farming

Maize farming may be a simple business to start but behind it are requirements needed to gain success. Knowing the fact that maize is commonly used in different area especially as a food supply to a lot of countries.

It actually takes a lot of years to gain experience in maize farming or any kind of crop you want to farm.

It actually need at least 3 years of experience to be successful and if you do not have enough experience you can start by applying as an apprentice in a farm and learn some skills of a farmer.

Managing a maize farm is not that easy, it takes a lot of effort and some risk especially if you do not have money to start maize farming. You can ask financial assistance from your local bank. But before doing so, you need to be familiarized with the kind of job you need to face everyday in maintaining a farm.

After you have acquired skills, you may now start searching for your financial resources. You may need to get a loan to start maize farm. You will be needing equipment and farm tractors, or as a start up you can actually rent machines and equipment.

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If you are currently working in a company, you may not need to resign your job, of course as a newbie with this kind of business you need to back up things just in case something may go wrong along the way. But as soon as you see the need for a full time management on your farm and it is on the way to success, you may give up your outside job and focus more on your maize farm.

There are things you need to prepare in growing and preparing your farm which is written below:

  • Preparation of the land
  • Sowing
  • Cleaning and other tasks
  • Harvest
  • Post-harvest
  • Storage and conservation of seed for the next growing season
  • Shelling and selection of the seed-grain
  • Marketing

The last bullet is marketing which is the most critical part of the business. If you are a new farmer you need to take time to prepare marketing plan. You may need to learn the “4 Ps” in marketing which includes Product, Pricing, Promotion and Placement.

As for product, maize is known to be one of the in demand crop in any country so you may not need to worry about it because you are producing maize which is very useful and the demand is high now days.

In pricing, you need to be extra careful on how much you will sell your product, you need to consider everything you have spend including services, maintenance and other expenses you have incurred from the beginning.

Promotion usually starts with the wholesalers and price takers. Given the fact that wholesalers do not have full control of the product and the price, it will make production and distribution important. Wholesalers who are successful in promoting the product are those who add services on their product. And as for placement or distribution, the wholesaler may put up an outlet where identified market and buyers are within the area which will determine if you are successful or not in your maize farm after you have successfully established your maize and distribute it on your market and buyers.

272 Comments

  • Tshego sentsho said on October 30, 2009
    Thanks for the great info but i'd like to know which other places i could in to for help on how to start.
  • RICHARD K.KIPTUI said on November 30, 2009
    i am in kenya Rift valley, i need weather help on cotton farming.
  • Frank McGuigan said on December 1, 2009
    I am in Branchport, Yates, NY 14418. I would like to start a maize farm, any advices for me?
  • Uwitonze Patrick said on December 3, 2009
    i wish to start maize farming in Central province, Zambia
  • asha.mhatre said on December 20, 2009
    I HAVE 50 ACRE OF LAND IRRIGATED LAND CAN GROW GOOD QUALITY OF MAIZE SOME TIME RATE UP & DOWN SO I HAVE TO STORE IT PROTECTING FROM MOISTERE & INSECTS PROCEDURE FOR DRYING & STORING
  • colette mbunga mbansu said on January 2, 2010
    i have 40 acre of land in bas-congo, one of democratic republic of congo's province. I would like to start a business farming of maize. Could you please give me any advice?
  • RICHARD ANANE said on January 25, 2010
    am a young man who what to start the maize business in ghana in the west africa, what advice will you give me to get started. thank you, best regards, richard
  • peter said on February 7, 2010
    I'm looking for a committed partner in commercial Maize and rice farming in either coastal region Tanga or Morogoro in Tanzania through Irrigation. If you are Interested please let me know how to reach you.
  • JACKSON NDIRITU WANARUA said on March 19, 2010
    I am planing to start maize farming in central Kenya and i need help on process especially fertilizer to use, herbicides and breed of maize.
  • Kabelo .j. Morokotso said on March 31, 2010
    I am planing to start maize farming in Botswana Mochudi lands its a 19 hectors and i need help on process especially fertilizer to use, herbicides and breed of maize. Thanks
  • chembe kavimba said on April 6, 2010
    I need to start farming maize i have 177 hectors of land. i want to use only 50 hectors and want to run a poultry for about 2000 birds i need a business plan to access finance am in zambia the farm is located in serenje near mkushi
  • Moses Simwaka said on April 6, 2010
    I have approximately 550 hectors of land and I want to clear 20ha and grow maize, also run a poultry for 2000 birds and piggery. I need advise and a business plan. The farm is situated between Mpika and Kasama.
  • mbugua kamau said on April 9, 2010
    would you please outline the procedure to be followed to ensure maximum and best growth of the maize crop.
  • alex p mgalla said on April 12, 2010
    i am farmer. my farm is located at handeni tanzania. please assist me with the advice on how to start maize farming including keeping animals like cows and goats.
  • Munir Dantata said on April 27, 2010
    You can't read the details? It says it all what you need to start your business! Just do it.
  • Ghazali Sanusi said on May 12, 2010
    am a young farmer from northern part of nigeria, pls help me wit what a maize farmer suppose to harvest per hecter.
  • Daya Krishinchand said on May 16, 2010
    kindly provide me with planting specifications and crop yields for maize in RSA.
  • SUNDAY OGESE said on May 26, 2010
    How many bags of 50kg can I get from a 10 hecter of Land.
  • Ken Mollo said on May 27, 2010
    I am an agricultural project manager in Uganda Mukono and i just ventured into commercial large scale maize growing. I want to have a great harvest.
  • Evans mungai said on May 31, 2010
    Am, a small scale farmer, from Riftvalley province, in Trans Nzoia district, the biggest problem am facing is the pest which attacks maize during the storage period, tell me the best method to use.
  • phumelele said on June 9, 2010
    i want to produce maize at material in eastern cape province south africa. i have available area of 60ha under dry land
  • Abdulkabir Lawal said on June 14, 2010
    please advice on what to do in terms of maize, casava, yam, pepper, and vegetables banana plantation and more importantly, please advice me on how to maintain my palm tree plantation, what can i do to keep it healthy, for me to re-coop my investment.
  • Edwin Doe said on June 18, 2010
    please advise on what to do in terms of maize plantation and during storage and more importantly, please advise me on how to maintain my mango plantation. what can i do to keep it healthy, for me to re-coop my investment, thank you.
  • Maila Rabson said on June 29, 2010
    I live in Lusaka Zambia and have a 9Hectors land. for the start i would like to grow maize on 3 hectors. But what i wish to know the following: On a good yield how many bags of maize can come from a hector.
  • colette mbunga mbansu said on July 1, 2010
    I am about to start preparing 6 hectare soil to plant maize in bas-congo province in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Any advise on how to get on well with this project?
  • Yonah said on July 5, 2010
    want to start farming maize in zimbabwe
  • Abdullahi Suleiman said on July 5, 2010
    I am a maize farmer in Zaria, Nigeria, and will like you to please help me some information on how increase my yield. Thanks a lot.
  • HEMANT GARUD said on July 6, 2010
    i want some videos of maize farming i mean from start to end how it would be done and what stuff required for it i want to know everything about it plz send me the videos or their links. thanking you
  • michael said on July 13, 2010
    I am 23 years old and i wanted to start maize farming for commercial purposes. Is a one and a half acre land. how do i start about, coz i have never done farming, but i am very interested in doing it. thanks Mwatate district, kenya
  • mlungisi mbanjwa said on July 17, 2010
    i am a 33yr old male with lots of interest in commercial maize farming. land is not a problem as my community agreed to give me their land. is there any possible funding. south africa eastern cape.
  • innocent said on July 31, 2010
    i am very happy to find this site, i farm a lot of maize and cassava, here in benue state Nigera, in a year i do harvest about 500 bags of maize, and hectors of cassava. my only problem is the marketing, pls help me look for buyer i will be grateful. this year by November i will be expecting 300 bags.
  • oto said on August 2, 2010
    hi I'm a young man of limited resources in Lusaka, Zambia interested in starting farming and I really need to know how to start off well enough so that I can later expand. I think I can find a loan but I don't want to waste any of the money so I would really appreciate your help. thank you Lusaka, Zambia
  • zanelle said on August 4, 2010
    i wanna know what is needed when planting maize and the cost for each for an example cost form the seed and labor and transport every thing actually and other useful information please ill be glad to get the information as soon as possible thanks
  • MASABA said on August 10, 2010
    I intend to start some maize farming as a business in western kenya particularly Mumias , please help me in identifying the right seeds, fertilizer [s]and seasons ie rainfall distribution throughout the year, thanks in advance.
  • Claire Shatembo said on September 8, 2010
    I need to start maize farming, poultry and piggery. Please advise on how best i can do it.
  • kwaku sarfo said on September 11, 2010
    i am a young man of 34 years, and i have farmed for about 30 hectors of maize. And planing to go for more but my problem is the tractor and implement. Is there any help to get the tractor in credit basis.
  • Isaac said on September 14, 2010
    Hi, I am in Limpopo province South Africa. I want to start maize farming. I would like to know what should I do for land preparation, which fertilizer to use and which brand of maize grains to plant.
  • Rajesh pd chaudhary said on September 20, 2010
    i got very excited by knowing all the process about maize farming but actually what i want is the more growing capacity of maize.
  • syarifuddin nasution said on October 6, 2010
    we are going to open the maize plantation about 1000 hectar with a minimum result l0 tons per ha. also how do we divided the land of 1000 ha so that we have road for mobilization doing the job. for pre and past harvest. thanks for your assistance.
  • chilekwa kapelembe said on October 9, 2010
    i'm in the central province of zambia,i have 4hectors of land that i would like to use for maize farming i need information on how to go about maize farming
  • samuel wangari said on October 22, 2010
    how many sacks can 2 1/2 acres produce when growth is average
  • nawa nawa said on October 23, 2010
    I have a 5 heactere land in kapiri mposhi central province of zambia and would like some more information about maize farming. please give us more details
  • Gilbert Kimathi said on November 22, 2010
    Hi, Am planning to starting maize farming in Kitale Kenya and am planning to start with 1 acre of land. Kindly help on this planning as follows; Estimated cost(land+seeds+lavour), Expected harvest on average, The best seeds to plant and where to obtain them. thanks
  • ABDULRASAQ T OLAOYE said on November 30, 2010
    how should i staring maize farming on my own and have i fine harvesting
  • JOSEPH NYASETIA said on December 4, 2010
    I have tried maize farming in Eldoret -kenya for the last three years, but the yields are not impressive. What should i do in terms of soil testing, type of fertilizer to use, and the estimated yield per acre?
  • mohammed said on December 30, 2010
    hello, i am a new farmer.i did not fertilize when sowing the maize seeds, now that they are germinating,could i fertilize as top dressing? secondly,the new shoots are destroyed by crows and wild ducks and ginea fowls. what could i do to help save my crop? thirdly, labour here in south africa(kzn area) is a mission. what chemical and when do i use to control grass and weeds? many thanks mohammed
  • Paul Acheri said on January 4, 2011
    i want to start a commercial maize farming in eastern Equatoria state ,south sudan. i want a practical guide like fertilizer to use,and the right season of planting. Thanks
  • al-faisal haque said on January 17, 2011
    want to be updated with latest issues related with maize business. ie. how the coming weather condition is going to impact on the production of the maize n feasibility & prospect of this business in accordance with poultry business.
  • danaa said on January 24, 2011
    i have about 850 acres of registered farm land in ghana, west africa. Im looking for serious investors to partner with.
  • Emmanuel Mutonhori said on February 7, 2011
    may i please have stages and requirements in maize farming. Betreace in Zimbabwe
  • Ezugwu Christian said on February 16, 2011
    I have two hectares of land in Mokoloko,Ogun State, Nigeria. Please i will like to know the quantity of herbicide, fertilizer and insecticide to use. Please, add any other helpful information.
  • Kwabena said on February 18, 2011
    I have 50 hectares of land in Techiman, Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana. I would like to start maize plantation. I would like to know all the information i may need with respect to quantity and types of chemicals and others.
  • Mwanje H. Moses said on March 28, 2011
    Kindly avail me with inform on maize farming. i do have 50 acres of land in central Uganda and would wish to involve into this business.
  • Femi Joseph said on April 27, 2011
    The farm will be located in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. The farm is expected to be use for Maize, Beans and Guinea corn of 500 bags each. Thanks
  • Amiel Samuel said on April 28, 2011
    Hi, Am planning to starting maize farming in Morogoro Region, Tanzania and am planning to start with 50 acre of land. Please, kindly help me on the way forward n planning and execution of intended project in terms of good seed sand pesticides. thanks
  • kizito martin senkya said on May 3, 2011
    Intend to start a maize growing business in Uganda central region. i would like you people to help me identify the best quality seeds, fertilizers and chemicals to use and may be the possible market abroad. thanks Martin
  • David Shija said on May 5, 2011
    Hi, am Tanzanian living in Der es salaam,am planning to start maize farming at Mtwala Region southern part of tanzania.I have 80 acres of land but i want to start with 10 acres only. Please guide me in all the steps,starting with best seed,spaces from plant to plant and pesticides.And i need to know how many kg can be needed for one acre.Thanks.
  • Eric Ehiwe said on May 11, 2011
    Am from Nigeria, Benin City Edo state. I want to know how many 50kg bag i should b expecting from my 1hectare of maize farm and how i can market them. Thks
  • Emmanuel Mushi said on June 2, 2011
    Am from Dar es salaam city in Tanzania i and my friends we have already prepared a plan that concerns maize but we still looking fund to operate 30 acres my dears.
  • IDA LUBALA said on June 24, 2011
    Hi, my name is IDA, I live in South Africa but I'm from DRC. I would like to know if there is any commercial farmer who's willing to give me an in house training( payable ). Or any book to read that you can advise me. I would like to start an important commercial farm for maize in DRc with the aim of supplying three provinces in the south of DRC. Hope to hear from you soon. Best regards Ida
  • Julius said on June 28, 2011
    Hi am from kenya and have a land of one acre located at Gikono(around kakuzi makuyu), what type of maize can i plant and this land can occupy how many seedlings? this will help me carry out an analysis whether this project will be viable. My plan is to harvest before they are dry
  • Pamela said on July 5, 2011
    Hi. From Uganda and would like to start growing maize on at least 10 acres of land but would like to know the stages in it's growth and the costs per acre that will be incurred. The best maize type to grow and the best herbicides and fertilizers to use. Thank you. Pamela
  • chileya chabu said on July 7, 2011
    am a zambian citizen,i would like to gather full details on how to deal maize business,from the preparation of land to marketing.
  • Barr.Felix Sunday Odoh said on July 20, 2011
    I am a Nigerian based in the city of Enugu.I intend to start maize farming nest season.I've about 20 acres of land somewhere in the village, Aku.Pls educate me on the use of herbicides, fertilizer application and spacing of the plants in the farm.
  • ismael said on July 21, 2011
    this is ISMAEL from Uganda= i think a large percentage of ugandans needs to invest in commercial farming so that we can earn foreign exchange as we will be exporting maize to countries like somalia and since uganda is the pearl of Africa this means the environmental conditions can allow such
  • Sanjeev kumar mandal said on August 7, 2011
    I am mech. Engineer in power plant and also i have own farm and have been produced maize since 2007. Please ask me detailed procedure to take more profit from maize.
  • FRANCIUOS K S X said on August 8, 2011
    I am Franciuos, from Uganda and preparing to try commercial farming starting with 10 acres of maize but with more land about 40acres. I need help in all ways in terms of seeds, understanding seasons, how much i can expect in terms of harvest, and all you can say to a farmer like me. +256776185001, +256712185001 with hope to hear from you.
  • ALFANU, ABDU BELLO RISHI said on August 17, 2011
    I want to know the best seed to plant in this august- september season. I am from Bauchi state of nigeria.
  • ERIVONA EDMUND said on August 30, 2011
    kindly help me with the marketing aspect of maize farming. I am based in lagos, nigeria
  • Kaydee said on September 11, 2011
    I intend to start maize farming in Mashonaland East (Chivhu) in Zimbabawe. Please help me in identifying the right seeds, fertilizer [s]and seasons ie rainfall distribution throughout the year. Also what's is the best row and plant spacing for maize when you using a maize planter. thanks in advance.
  • tom mzee said on September 11, 2011
    I intend to start maize farming in matuga division, kwale county Kenya please give me all the relevant information seed variety, spacing,inter cropping, diseases and control measures, yields, use of fertilizer type and dosage, thank you
  • Nicky Mupetami said on September 13, 2011
    I intend to start a maize production near the Kavango river on a 20ha which will be irrigated. Kindly assist me to write a business plan in this regard. Planting will start during November 2011. Thanking you in anticipation.
  • Alice said on September 19, 2011
    Am in eldoret kenya I want you to help me know how to prepare land, plant or sow and management practices for maize production
  • Alfred said on September 26, 2011
    I am in Uganda and In Masidi District(NW Uganda), i would like to start a small scale Maize farming as a a Business, please help me with Maize Farm Management skills in order to realize good results. Thanks Alfred
  • etah arnold said on September 26, 2011
    i am a student in cameroon and i will like to start maize farming please help me i know maize has its growing season teach me on how to plant it even when it is not its season and how to preserve it for a long time and how i can i sell it
  • Olatunji seun said on September 29, 2011
    Am residing in Ilorin, kwara state Nigeria please help me with type of seed and soil that is good for planting maize
  • Vincent Mwadime said on October 5, 2011
    Am Vincent from Kenya. Kindly help me get good yields in Taita near Mwachabo location in Coast province. The land is very dry and we depend on seasonal rainfall. +254(0)711411818
  • Nimesh said on October 10, 2011
    Hi, I want info on Maize & Turmeric farming in Juba, South Sudan. Appreciate if you can let me know the full procedure for farming of Maize & Turmeric. Thanks
  • Shadrack said on October 13, 2011
    I am a farmer, having a land of 200 acres in Dodoma Tanzania,please advice me about seeds and spacing. Thank you.
  • mursal omar said on October 21, 2011
    am Mursal Omar who is a graduate from Kenyatta university. i hail from habaswein, wajir south north eastern province of Kenya. the area is an arid land that receives seasonal rainfall. i have the idea and the human capacity to have a very comprehend driland farming but lacking the financial support, would you kindly direct me?
  • joe rugwete said on November 11, 2011
    Harare - Zimbabwe, this will help me in my 1st farming season, i am starting with 4ha, hope we have good rains this side
  • Tari said on November 16, 2011
    Harare-Zimbabwe. What kind of inputs do I need for maize farming on 1 hectare. I also need a step by step guide from start to end on when i apply the fertilizers and how.
  • Amanda said on November 16, 2011
    I want to start maize farming and would like u to suggest names of maize farmers to which i can take mentorship from or take on an apprenticeship. I am in Gauteng,Johannesburg,South Africa and am planning to start my farm in and around Gauteng.
  • Alexander said on November 16, 2011
    Am in Eldoret, Kenya and I intend to start small scale farming. Could you please assist me on how to write a maize business plan so as to obtain a loan.
  • Makwande Mbanjwa said on November 19, 2011
    I have land and my interest is to start maize farming project in Eastern Cape, South Africa can I get any assistant in funds.
  • Jean-Marie Kalala said on November 20, 2011
    I have started maize farming in DRC , and I need advice how to maintain it. I have also a farm of soya beans, please advise me how I should maintain it. If soya beans are growing and at a certain stage there is this kind of problem like insect eating the crops which medicine should I spray on it to kill this bugs.
  • kanayo henry chukwujekwu said on November 24, 2011
    I am from anambra state, Nigeria and I intend to start small scale farming. Could you please assist me on how to write a maize and poultry business plan so as to obtain a loan. Kanayo Chukwujekwu.
  • Nicholas Opiyo said on December 8, 2011
    South Nyanza Awendo Migori distict. How many bags can i get a 2 acres of land.
  • Fayemi oluwaseun said on December 12, 2011
    Am about to start maize farming so how many 50kg bags can i get from 2.5 acres in okaka, oyo state, nigeria
  • Evans Ooko said on January 5, 2012
    I want to irrigate Family Land along the lake about 15hac of land What do i need to do to ensure good returns.One challenge The Temp are high along the lake and the land is highly infested with the striga Weed
  • SAMUEL KAYIWA said on February 8, 2012
    I am a Medical Laboratory Technologist working under min. of health in Uganda . I love farming like I love my self ! I have been running small scale maize farming , inter cropping it with beans . Now I want to go into large scale maize farming .I am located in Mpigi district , central Uganda . I need more skills in order to get good returns .
  • Githuku said on February 13, 2012
    I am in Kenya, want to venture into maize farming for silage. How many kilograms of maize should i plant in one acre. What measurement should i prepare a trench for silaging 1acre maize stalks.
  • mukwanu farm said on February 20, 2012
    i am in lusaka zambia and love farming... i need advice on how to farm maize eg spacing and how many cobs can i produce in 1 hac
  • Gasore Prince said on February 22, 2012
    I am in DRC, in the Eastern region, specifically in South Kivu Province. I would like to start maize farming project, How many kilograms of maize should i plant in one acre for better production? The region is very hot, could some one advise me which type of Maize which I could plant in such climate? In normal circumstance, how many kgs will i harvest at 1ha. thanks a lot
  • Abdulkarim said on February 25, 2012
    How to start a maize farm? What does it take from scratch to harvest of maize.
  • Adamu said on February 26, 2012
    I am in jalingo, nigeria. I planning to start a maize farm in bali, i really need your help on how to start from scratch-type of seeds, equipments and techniques, also best time to start planting. Tanks.,
  • lydia ndabeni said on March 9, 2012
    I am in Lesotho I have a maize farm full of weeds how do i get good maize without weeds?
  • Alhaji Ibrahim said on March 11, 2012
    i live in Tamale, in the northern region of Ghana. Sir i wish to start with a 50 acres of maize farm, aside equipment what are the other factors i have to prepare for. Thank you
  • ADEBAYO said on March 15, 2012
    AM FROM EKITI STATE IN NIGERIA. I HAVE UP TO 2HA OF LAND WHICH I WOULD LIKE TO USE FOR SOLE MAIZE FARMING. COULD U PLS TELL HOW MANY KG/HA OF MAIZE SEEDS I WOULD NEED TO PLANT THE FARM. SECONDLY, WHAT COULD BE THE EXPECTED YIELD PER ANNUAL PER HECTARE FOR A OIL PALM PLANTATION
  • Selemani Zumo said on March 16, 2012
    It is the first time to me to look at this website about maize an other crops plantation. I have started the farm with almost 2 hectors, my interest is to plant maize and cassava. I want to know how to plant using spaces to this mix. we expecting rain within this week and my farm is already for plantation. I am living in Tanga, Tanzania in coastal highland.

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