Organic Farming Methods
Organic farming uses certain techniques and special practices known as organic farming methods. These methods are based on the combination of ecological scientific principles and modern farming system blend with conventional approach relying on the natural biological processes in the environment.
Learning the organic farming methods is very vital for organic farmers for choosing the best approach for their organic farming business.
Organic Farming Methods and Common Practices
The traditional approach of farming is now slowly being replaced by organic farming to encourage the modern farmers to adopt the different organic farming methods that were formerly used in the agricultural industry without the application of synthetic or chemical-based fertilizers and farm aids in growing crops, poultry, and livestock.
One of the primary principles of organic farming methods is to bring back the natural ways of producing crops, meat, and dairy products which is considered safer than those produced traditionally in modern farms. The organic farming methods are scientifically proven to increase the chances of producing better agricultural products by using the natural environment and natural means of pest control and fertilizing the land. For example, organic farmers are not anymore using synthetic fertilizers to nourish the farm soils and instead it is replaced by composts coming from plant and animal wastes.
According organic farming experts, the methods used in organic farming are promoting “sustainable agriculture” based from the principles of agroecology, a scientific approach integral to ecological philosophy. There are numerous organic farming methods and practices that can be used in organic farming such as crop rotation, composting, natural or biological pest control, green manure, multicropping, intercropping, biodynamics, soil and water conservation techniques, microbial biofertilizers, and other specialized organic farming practices and techniques. Let’s discuss the most common methods in organic farming.
Commonly Used Organic Farming Methods
Organic farmers should learn how every method is being done and its significance to organic farming. The following are some of the commonly used organic farming methods:
- Crop Rotation – It is said that an effective organic farming should practice growing of crops in different varieties in a particular farm in order to avoid the existence of pests that infest a single species of plant (also known as monoculture).
- Composting – Instead of using traditional synthetic fertilizers that contains chemicals, it is being replaced by “composts” as the key ingredient in flourishing the farm soil. Composts are simply organic matters from decomposing plants and animal wastes, and it is believed that it contains nutrients which are essential for the nourishment of the crops.
- Natural or Biological Pest Control – Use of synthetic pesticides are also strictly prohibited in organic farming, controlling pests can be done through natural processes like predation.
- Green Manure – This method as known as a form of cover-crop which aims to nourish the soil with organic matters and essential nutrients.
These four organic farming methods are widely used by organic farmers and learning the other techniques can be done with the guidance of the Department of Agriculture and other Farming institutions in your locality.