Chickoo or Sapodilla is a tropical fruit originated from Central America, Southern Mexico and West Indies. It is also common in the Philippines, China, Malaysia, Brazil, Bahamas, Sri Lanka, Jamaica, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Thailand, and Indonesia, Bangladesh, India as well as other frost-free portions of the U.S. with various names.
Sapodilla is known to be rich in antioxidants, vitamin A and C, pathothenic acid, foliate niacin, iron, copper and potassium.
About Chickoo Fruit
This fruit has an egg-like or round in appearance with various diameters and similar the flavors of brown sugar and pear. Sapodilla is typically propagated by grafting and seed. The best seeds are the ones from big fruits. Chickoo can germinate easily but the growth isn’t fast and may take from 5 to 8 years before it bear a fruit.
How to Plant Chickoo Tree?
Chickoo requires full sun, so you need to choose a landscape that receives a lot of sunrays and a well-draining soil. It should be 25 ft away from other trees and buildings. Untrimmed trees could grow large, crowded and shading, which can decrease the production of the fruit.
The weeds and grass must be removed from 3 to 10 ft in diameter. This is important because it can be an obstacle for the plant to grow due to the nutrient loss and moisture. If it is from grafting, make sure to provide enough space for the roots to spread on the soil. Do not forget to water the plant regularly too.
The young trees of chickoo must be trimmed regularly by using pruning shears or loopers to allow the lower branches to grow and to form stronger structure. The older tress must also be trimmed to control the size and shape as well as to remove damage branches or dead branches. Since this tree can bear fruit from 5 to 8 years after planting, it requires a lot of patience and hard work, wherein you need to invest your time and effort to care for this fruit.
Additional Information about Chickoo
- Chickoo trees are fairly hardy and not often disturbed by diseases or pests.
- The fruits must be harvested when the fruits start t drop on the ground or by scratching the outer shell. Tan means the fruit can be harvested now but if the color is still green or bleeds latex, the fruit isn’t ready for harvesting.
- The cut or broken portions of chickoo tree seep creamy latex known as chicle, which is once used to make chewing gum.
- Sapodilla trees can tolerate salty and windy conditions, which makes them ideal for coastal areas.
- Chickoo has a tannin content, which is ideal for individuals suffering from diarrhea, all you have to do is to boiled younger fruits and make a decoction from it.
- The combination of flowers and young fruits can be used also to alleviate pulmonary complaints and the seeds do have a diuretic action that can expel kidney and bladder stones.