Pearl Farming differs from Oyster Farming, since in Pearl Farming the oyster that grows the pearl is not harvested for consumption.
It is important to consider the environment in which you plan on starting your pearl farm.
Before starting a Pearl farm, one must consider having enough knowledge regarding Pearl Farming. If you are alien to this practice then you may first visit other pearl farms in the area or research on them yourself. It is essential to note down all the important aspects of your farm such as the area, the type or species of oysters you plan to use, how to raise them and of course the habitat in which you plan to cultivate them in. Also, think about how you plan on harvesting your pearls. The temperature and salinity are important factors to ensure the growth and development of your pearls. There are different methods to consider when growing your pearl farm, therefore adequate training, schooling and knowledge is required to ensure a successful growth. There are several books and tips on the internet that you can use. Knowing people with on hand experience also helps as you may require those with professional know how to get around your neophyte business.
After you have considered these factors you may then set a budget for your farm. Evenly allot all the needs of your farm, it does not have to start with a large amount of oysters. Start with just a few and gradually increase the oyster population as you continue to learn the ropes. By starting with a small amount you will be able to monitor the needs of the oysters closely. You will be able to view how they respond to the environment and temperature settings. After which you can make changes or improvements along the way. Once you have made up your mind on the most effective setting for the growth of your farm, then may you consider expanding.
There is also the question of collecting and harvesting your pearls. Nets, baskets or cages are usually what are used in most pearl farms. The health of your oysters is also a very important factor in the growth of your farm. Certain diseases such as Perkinsus marinus (Dermo) and Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) may infect your oysters. However, the rate of infection varies upon the particular variety of oysters that you decide to grow on your farm. Predators that may endanger your farm include starfish, oyster drill snails, stingrays, birds and gulls so it is important to keep the area of your Pearl Farm secured from these threats.
You may publicize your pearl farm if you please. These make some great tourist attractions in some areas and at times may be part of tours. It is up to you to choose how you wish to market from your business. You may stick to just selling your harvested pearl and even farm the oysters for consumption.
Consulting with professionals or simply researching and studying the practice will help you learn more about what you will need. After which you may allot a budget for your farm. Consider the type or variety of oysters you plan on using, the environment for cultivation which includes the salinity and temperature of the water and how you plan on harvesting your pearls. Promotion of the farm is an added bonus to your revenue since it may serve as a popular tourist attraction.