Hazelnut has long been used as a component of some products such as coffees and sweets. You can also find so many commercialized products which make use of hazelnut. This implies that hazelnut farming can be a promising venture for you.
Though it seems that hazelnut farming can be a very nice venture, there are some things you need to know first in order to establish your farm properly. With the help of the information from this article, you will be able to understand the key points you need to know.
The Seed Selection
First, the most important thing for you to do is to choose the right hazelnut seed you can plant. There are so many agricultural stores you can find in the market offering you the seeds you need. On the other hand, you can also find so many farms offering hazelnut seeds that have already grown for days or weeks. These are also good options if you want to plant these trees avoiding the cultivation process. Either ways, make sure that you choose the healthiest and the most competent seeds for you to plant.
Now that you have selected the right seeds and plants to be planted, the next thing for you to do is to plant it on your farm. Keep in mind that hazelnut usually grows faster when planted in a place with cold temperature. This helps the plan acquire greater moisture than the usual. In addition to that, this stimulates the development of competent buds needed to produce the best hazelnuts. However, there are also some varieties you can find in the market perfect for hotter places. It is best for you to inquire regarding the matter for you to find the best plants available.
Care After Planting
Once you are done planting your hazelnuts, you need to keep them watered for the first year of their life. After which, they no longer need too much care. Actually, fertilization and constant watering is not really required. However, this helps especially during dry days. During the first 2 to 4 years, the plants must be mulched properly. This is to help control the weeds. In the event that your hazelnuts have already grown to the right size, they no longer need to be mulched. If you have seen what they call "nuisance" branches, make sure to prune them. This is to give way for competent branches to grow.
The Blooming and Nut Forming Stage
During the 3rd to 4th year, hazelnuts usually begin to bear nuts. Usually, the nuts bloom early, while some during late winter season. Make sure that you check the quality of the nuts especially if it is for commercial purposes. Remove some insects present on the nuts, as they might cause damage to the hazelnut in the future. On the other hand, allow insects or vectors of pollination in order to allow production of a greater number of nuts. Harvest the nuts on its matured stage.