Guide for Farming Brinjal
Brinjal or simply eggplant is one of the important tropical or subtropical crops in Asia and India where the name brinjal is commonly used.
It is one of the most common crop in India and although it is perennial, commercially it is grown as an annual crop.
There are a number of varieties of brinjal in India. It includes Pusa purple long, Pusa Kranti, Pusa purple cluster, Pusa Barsati, Manjiri Gota, Arka Navneet and more. Each of these varieties has their own characteristics and advantages when cultivated and grown.
Growing of Brinjal
This vegetable crop is a warm season one which makes it susceptible to extreme cold which typically causes deformation of the yield. With that means the best time to grow a eggplant would be during long, warm seasons. You have to remember though that short summers with cold night is not ideal if you want satisfactory yield. As for the soil requirement, the brinjal plant can be grown on virtually all types of soil but is better if it is fertile, well-drained and slightly acidic rich with organic matter. Light soils are ideal for early yields while slit-loam or clay-loam would be if you want higher yield. The pH range should be about 6.5 to 7.5.
Cultivation of Eggplant
The thing with brinjal is that it remains in the field in quite a number of months. Because of that, the soil must be properly ploughed and prepared about 4 to 5 times right before the seedlings are transplanted. To ensure the soil is rich, it must be incorporated by organic manures or compost evenly distributed. With preparing the field, form ridges and furrows with spacing of approximately 60 cm to ensure the soil is warm. Then water the furrows and have seedlings aged 30-35 days transplanted in a distance about 60 cm. Irrigation of the field should be as the crop needs it.
When is the Seedlings Ready for Transplanting?
The brinjal seedlings will be ready for transplant at 4-5 weeks when it has already attained height at 12 to 15 cm and has probably 3 -4 leaves. It is important to harden the seedlings by not irrigating and when finally, about to be transplanted, it should be during the evening hours and then followed by irrigation.
As for the spacing of the seedlings, it all depends on the variety of brinjal you chose to grow, the season’s suitability and how fertile thee soil is. But in general, it should be about 60cm x 60cm for types that does not spread while 75 to 90cm x 60 to 75cm for spreading types.
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