Blackcurrant Farming Guide
Blackcurrant farming is common these days due to the many health benefits that blackcurrant offers. It is a fruit crop that can be found in the northern and central Europe and in the northern Asia.
Also, this fruit is cultivated both domestically and commercially due to its abundant berries. Many people are interested in growing it due to its abundant supplies.
Here is a guide for you to follow for increasing the production of blackcurrant. This is important before starting the process of farming. In this article, you can learn about blackcurrant farming that can result to an efficient production.
One of the basics in blackcurrant farming is pre-plant preparation to completely eradicate the weed that surrounds the farm. In getting rid of grass and broadleaf weeds, using herbicides is recommended.
Apart from it, the soil should be examined for nematodes. Fumigation is also recommended only to areas where virus nematodes likely manifest. Also, assess the fertility of the soil to ensure that the site has met the required planting conditions. The conditions are outlined in the grower’s guide wherein the crop requirements should be managed with soil sample. It is also important to have access to sufficient drainage and irrigation.
Pest controls are also important aspect of blackcurrant farming. On the other hand, there are fertilizers sold in the market today that can eliminate pests that attack the blackcurrant. You can choose among the fertilizers that can meet the requirements of the soil and blackcurrant. Careful monitoring is also essential in getting an abundant production of blackcurrant. Other than that, committing to biodiversity is important to increasingly reduce the use of pesticides.
Aside from pest controls, weed control also has to play its important role in the good farming of blackcurrant. Many growers use organic mulch that comes with straw and sawdust. Either way, a landscape fabric and mulch cover can be used to suppress weed growth. On the other hand, chemical herbicides can be used but you have to check first the Agriculture Extension. Ensure the use of appropriate substances on the blackcurrant and soil. So far, these are important things to include in weed control.
Another critical part of this farming is annual pruning. The shoots and old wood that are near the ground should be pruned. Machine harvest and crop management are also critical in farming blackcurrant. Once pruning is neglected, the weight of the blackcurrant will bring it on the ground where it can damage or rot. Pruning can also be made mechanically or manually. However, the former makes the work faster.
More so, pruning blackcurrant is important as it promotes the growth of the tree. Doing so is effective during the early spring or late winter when the diseased crops are spotted.