If you want to start beetroot farming, you should consider these tips. There are many things that you should learn and since commercial farming can be a bit expensive, make sure that you use these tips especially when picking the ideal location for the beetroots.
With knowledge, you can get high yields.
Beetroot Farming Basics
Weeds can destroy other plants but in the case of the Chenopodiaceae family, they are beneficial to agriculture. You can find many beetroot farms in Queensland but there are also areas where beetroot is grown for personal use. The best beetroots in the market have reached their maturity in a short span of time. Beetroot is ideal to grow in cool regions like the southern states. Their tolerance for frosts is moderate, so you need to pay close attention to the climate. In order to grow beetroot for commercial farming, you should have adequate knowledge about planting or growing them.
Start by doing some basic research on beetroot. Spend time in learning the basics and after that, you can now find the perfect location for beetroot farming. Beetroot can be grown in almost any type of soil but they grow best in well drained, loose, and deep loamy soil. If you plant beetroot on crust soils are heavy clay soils, problems can occur with the plant’s establishment and the roots can also be misshapen. The ideal soil pH is 5.8 to 7.0 but it can still tolerate acidic soils (around 7.6). Try to avoid acidic soil because it can lead to nutrient deficiency. If you are planting in heavier soils, try ripping or you can also plough the soil.
Commercially Growing Beetroot
Beetroot can be planted any time of the year. However, if you plant beetroot during the summer, it can reduce the quality of the roots. The ideal temperature for seed germination is 4.5 to 30˚C. Take note of the seeding rate and it should be 3 to 5 kg/ha but this should be based on the needed crop density. Sow the seeds at 1.2 to 2.5 cm deep and each plant should be 60 to 70 cm apart. It’s up to you to plant them in single rows or double rows. For commercial beetroot farming, you can also grow then in multiple rows. Center spacing should be at 1.5 to 1.8 meters.
Every bed can consist of 3 to 5 rows that are 30 cm apart. Feed the plants properly with fertilizer to get the needed nutrition. You can drill down the fertilizer on the sides of the plant or you can also cultivate them. Learn the ways to control weeds, insects, and diseases. You may need to consider buying harvesting machines so that the task can be finished in no time. The harvested beetroots will be processed. You can expect about 35 tons/ha in terms of yields.