About Modern Farming Methods

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Modern agriculture has met the demand for food. The cost of food declined and crop yields increased. New technologies and advances in science such as the use of fertilizers and pesticides, the construction of robust irrigation systems and the development of fresh crop varieties contributed to this growth.

Modern farming methods aim to obtain the highest economic return possible and the highest production possible. Here’s what you need to know about modern farming methods.

Chemical pest control, genetic manipulation, irrigation, monoculture, intensive tillage and synthetic fertilizer application are the basic practices that form the backbone of production. Every practice contributes to productivity, but depends on one other when used together in a farming system.

Chemical Pest Control

Pests like weeds compete with plants for water and soil nutrients, diseases hold back plant growth and insects eat plants. Chemical sprays can deal with pest outbreaks fast. When used properly, these chemicals can provide an effective and easy way of controlling pest outbreaks.

Genetic Manipulation

New crop breeding techniques have been discovered and applied to increase yields. One such development is the hybrid seed where 2 or more strains of a certain crop are combined to create a more productive offspring. Genetic engineering has started to develop molecular methods that selectively introduce a certain organism’s genetic information to another unrelated organism. This practice aims to benefit from specific valuable attributes.

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Irrigation

Irrigation has significantly increased the supply of food by providing water to crops in places where natural rainfall is not enough for growing crops or during extremely dry weather conditions. Diverting rivers, getting water from underground wells and building distribution canals and reservoirs are just some of the steps taken by many to improve their production. Other irrigation systems include pumps, drip systems and customized sprinklers.

Monoculture

Monoculture makes it easier to plant, cultivate and harvest seeds as well as control weeds. It also helps expand the size of land and reduce costs. Monoculture helps farmers improve their profitability as well.

Other Practices

Intensive tillage is another practice that is common today. The soil is cultivated regularly, completely and deeply and loosened to allow seeds to be planted easily, let roots grow at a faster rate and allow water to drain better. This is also used for controlling weeds.

Another practice is the use of synthetic fertilizer. This kind of fertilizer is easy to apply, transport and produce. Using synthetic fertilizer significantly increases yields. Fertilizers are available in granular and liquid forms and provide crops with even amounts of essential plant nutrients.

Monitoring the negative and positive effects of modern farming methods is still important to protect the health of the water, soil and air on farms and surrounding areas, support practical farming communities and reduce economic production costs. Proper use of modern farming methods should be observed at all times.

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